Evaluation of Water Distribution Jointed Pipe Networks under Transient Ground Motions


In this study, a new method is proposed to evaluate the seismic behavior of buried jointed water pipeline networks subjected to wave propagation. First, using finite element method and solid elements, different kinds of currently used connections in the network are modeled, and their nonlinear behavior in all directions is obtained. Second, a 950-meter long network consisting of ductile iron pipes segments of 6-meter length and springs characterizing the connections, are modeled using beam elements. Three-component displacement record of the Tabas earthquake is applied to the network considering the time lag between support inputs, and the nonlinear soil-pipe interaction. The record is applied once in North-South direction and once in East-West direction with different wave propagation velocities. Results of interest such as stress values and rotations at various points of the network are then obtained, and critical points are introduced in each direction. Results show that the points other than the critical ones at the network intersections remain elastic.

Share and Cite:

Boorboor, A. and Hosseini, M. (2015) Evaluation of Water Distribution Jointed Pipe Networks under Transient Ground Motions. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 5, 190-202. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2015.52019.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] O’Rourke, M.J. and Liu, X. (1999) Response of Buried Pipelines Subjected to Earthquake Effect. MCEER Report, MCEER-99-MN03|4/29/1999|272 pages, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260-4300.
[2] Takada, S., Hassani, N. and Rasti, R. (2003) Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Modeling for Earthquake Damage Detection in Water Distribution System. Proceedings of the 2003 Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering [Electronic Resource], 13-15 February 2003, Christchurch, 9 p.
[3] Jayaram, N. and Baker, J.W. (2009) Efficient Sampling and Data Reduction Techniques for Probabilistic Seismic Lifeline Risk Assessment. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 39, 1109-1131.
[4] Toprak, S. and Taskin, F. (2007) Estimation of Earthquake Damage to Buried Pipelines Caused By Ground Shaking. Natural Hazards, 40, 1-24.
[5] Shi, P., O’Rourke, T.D., Wang, Y. and Fan, K. (2008) Seismic Response of Buried Pipelines to Surface Wave Propagation Effect. Proceeding of the 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, 12-17 October 2008, 8 p.
[6] Toprak, S., Taskin, F. and Koc, A.C. (2009) Prediction of Earthquake Damage to Urban Water Distribution Systems: a Case Study for Denizli, Turkey. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 68, 499-510.
[7] Abdoun, T.H., Ha, D., O’Rourke, M.J., Symans, M.D., O’Rourke, T.D., Palmer, M.C. and Stewart, H.E. (2009) Factors Influencing the Behavior of Buried Pipelines Subjected to Earthquake Faulting. Journal of Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 29, 415-427.
[8] Karamitros, D.K., Bouckovalas, G.D. and Kouretzis, G.P. (2007) Stress Analysis of Buried Pipelines at Strike Slip Fault Crossing. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 27, 200-211.
[9] J. Kim, O’Connor, S., Nadukuru, S., Lynch, J.P., Michalowski, R., et al. (2010) Behavior of Full Scale Concrete Segmented Pipelines under Permanent Ground Displacements. Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems, 7650, 76500U-1-76500U-11.
[10] Boorboor, A. (2013) Analysis of Seismic Behavior of Water Distribution Jointed Pipes Network Regarding Nonlinear Behavior of Connections. Ms. Dissertation Submitted to the International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran.
[11] American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (1984) Guidelines for the Seismic Design of Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems, Committee on Gas and Liquid Fuel Lifeline, ASCE, Reston.
[12] Hosseini, M. and Tahamouli, R.M. (2014) A Study on the Effects of Surface Transverse Waves on Buried Steel Pipelines Considering the Nonlinear Behavior of Soil and Pipes. Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.