Share This Article:

Salinity Effects on Development and Productivity of Crambe (Crambe abyssinica) under Greenhouse Conditions

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:519KB) PP. 839-847
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67091    4,185 Downloads   4,655 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Salinity in soil or water in arid and semi arid regions can severely limit crop production, since the high amount of NaCl contributes to specific ion effects of Cl-, Na+ or both, and to antagonistic effects on nutrient elements. Affected by salt stress, most of the cultivated plants do not fully express their growth potential, which lowers their economic value. Crambe (Crambe abyssinica) is an oil plant of the cruciferous family and it is believed that crambe has great potential to figure as raw material for biofuel; however, literature is not abundant about the effects of salinity in crambe production. This work was carried out in order to evaluate the effects on the development and productivity of crambe irrigated with saline waters under greenhouse conditions. Treatments resulted from the combination of two factors: salinity of irrigation water (ECw) in five levels (1.03-control, 2.5, 4.0, 5.5, and 7.0 dS·m-1) and two types of salts (NaCl and NaCl + CaCl2) with three replications, totaling 30 experimental plots. At the end of the experimental period, soil samples from each plot were collected for chemical and salinity of soil saturation extract analyzes. Salt types did not affect plant parameters. However, the salinity levels presented significant effects on the all plant parameters, decreasing their values with the increase of the salt dose. Salinity levels of the solutions used for irrigation in this study affected the growth of plants and grain yield of crambe. Regarding the type of salts, a higher concentration of Na was observed for NaCl solutions at 2.5, 4.0 and 5.5 dS·m-1 salinity levels.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

de Vasconcelos, A. , G. Chaves, L. , Souza, F. , Gheyi, H. and Fernandes, J. (2015) Salinity Effects on Development and Productivity of Crambe (Crambe abyssinica) under Greenhouse Conditions. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 839-847. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67091.

References

[1] Liu, Y., Li, X., Ma, J. and Ling, X. (2007) Seed Mass and Shape, Germination and Plant Abundance in a Desertified Grassland in Northeastern Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Arid Environments, 69, 198-211.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.09.012
[2] Bernstein, L. (1975) Effects of Salinity and Sodicity on Plant Growth. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 13, 295-312.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.py.13.090175.001455
[3] Turan, M. and Aydin, A. (2005) Effects of Different Salt Sources on Growth, Inorganic Ions and Proline Accumulation in Corn (Zea mays L.). European Journal of Horticulture Science, 70, 149-155.
[4] Ionov, M., Yuldasheva, N., Ulchenko, N., Glushenkova, A.I. and Heuer, B. (2013) Growth, Development and Yield of Crambe Abyssinica under Saline Irrigation in the Greenhouse. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 199, 331-339.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jac.12027
[5] Oplinger, E.S., Oelke, E.A., Kaminski, A.R., Putnam, D.H., Teynor, T.M., Doll, J.D., Kelling, K.A., Durgan, B. R. and Noetzel, D.M. (1991) Crambe: Alternative Field Crops Manual. University of Wisconsin and University of Minnesota, St. Paul.
[6] Jasper, P.A., Biaggioni, M.A.M., Silva, P.R., Seki, A.A.S. and Bueno, C.O. (2010) Análise Energética da Cultura do Crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst) produzida em Plantio Direto. Engenharia Agrícola, 30, 395-403.
[7] Carlsson, A.S. (2006) Production of Wax Esters in Crambe. EPOBIO: Realising the Economic Potential of Sustainable Resources—Bioproducts from Non-Food Crops. CNAP: University of York.
http://www.agronavigator.cz/userfiles/File/Agronavigator/Kvasnickova/Epobio_waxesters.pdf
[8] Baez, O. (2007) Crambe a grande aposta das pesquisas em Mato Grosso do Sul. Pantanal News.
http://www.biodiselbr.com/noticias/em-foco/crambe-grande-aposta-pesquisas-mato-grosso-sul.htm
[9] Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária. Ministério da Agricultura e do Abastecimento (EMBRAPA) (1997) Manual de métodos de análises de solo. 2nd Edition, Embrapa CNPS, Rio de Janeiro, 212 p.
[10] Novais, R.F., Neves, J.C.L. and Barros, N.F. (1991) Ensaio em ambiente controlado. In: Oliveira, A.J., Garrido, W.E., Araújo, J.D. and Lourenço, S., Coord., Métodos de pesquisa em fertilidade do solo, Cap. 2, EMBRAPA, Brasília, 189-198.
[11] Rhoades, J.D., Kandiah, A.M. and Marshali, A.M. (2000) Uso de águas salinas para produção agrícola. Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Campina Grande, 117 p.
[12] Nobre, R.G., Fernandes, P.D., Gheyi, H.R., Santos, F.J.S., Bezerra, I.L. and Gurgel, M.T. (2003) Germinação e formação de mudas enxertadas de gravioleira sob estresse salino. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 38, 1365-1371.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2003001200002
[13] Ferreira, D.F. (2011) Sisvar: A Computer Statistical Analysis System. Ciência e Agrotecnologia (UFLA), 35, 1039-1042.
[14] Yuldasheva, N.K., Chernenko, T.V, Skosyreva, O.V. and Glushenkova, A.I. (2011) Influence of Irrigation-Water Salinity on Lipids of Crambe abyssinica Seeds. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 46, 862-865.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10600-011-9769-8
[15] Santos, V.L.M., Calil, A.C., Ruiz, H.A., Alvarenga, E.M. and Santos, C.M. (1992) Efeito do estresse salino e hídrico na germinação e vigor de sementes de soja. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 14, 189-194.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.