Facies Analysis and Depositional Environment of the Oligocene-Miocene Asmari Formation, Bandar Abbas Hinterland, Iran


The Asmari Formation is a thick carbonate sequence of the Oligocene-Miocene in the Zagros Basin, southwest of Iran. This formation is located in Bandar Abbas and Coastal Fars regions on the following two sections: Anguro anticline (west-northwest of Bandar Abbas) and Gavbast anticline (southwest of Lar County). The Asmari Formation has diameters of 68 and 26 m in the Anguro and Gavbast sections, respectively. This formation is composed of limestone, dolomitic limestone and an altered form of marl. Based on the results of petrographic analyses, 7 facies were identified in the Anguro and Gavbast sections in the study region. The facies were deposited on the following 3 belts: tidal flat (MF 1 - 3), lagoon (MF 4 - 5) and open marine (MF 6, 7). According to evidence such as the gradual change of microfacies, the lack of main reef barriers, and the lack of slumping and sliding features, the Asmari Formation was formed in a marine environment of carbonate homoclinal ramp type. This environment is composed of the following two subenvironments: the inner ramp and the middle ramp. The comparison of the facies identified in the Anguro and Gavbast sections indicates that Gavbast section is mainly composed of lagoon facies. Moreover, the Anguro section demonstrates more facies diversity than Gavbast section.

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Hoseinzadeh, M. , Daneshian, J. , Moallemi, S. and Solgi, A. (2015) Facies Analysis and Depositional Environment of the Oligocene-Miocene Asmari Formation, Bandar Abbas Hinterland, Iran. Open Journal of Geology, 5, 175-187. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2015.54016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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