Adverse Effects of Allelopathy from Legume Crops and Its Possible Avoidance

Abstract

Plant releases many bioactive chemicals from its various parts such as leaves, stem, root and sometimes decomposed body through different mechanism into its surrounding environment. These bioactive chemicals are often termed as allelochemicals because they interact with the surrounding environment. This interaction is either positive or negative. Effects of allelochemicals to the agricultural and biological ecosystem are well documented. In leguminosae family many species are involved in releasing of allelochemicals. Many researchers found that this allelochemicals have both positive and detrimental effects on the successive legume crops. Legume monoculture is common in many parts of the world where they cause a numbers of ecological and economic problems such as decline in crop yield due to soil sickness, regeneration failure and replant problem. These negative effects of allelochemicals open a great concern on allelopathy research. This article reviews the adverse effects of allelochemicals, their extraction and isolation, mechanism inside the plant body. These all are done to find out the possible selection methods of succeeding crops to avoid the allelopathic effects in the next crop of a monoculture farm field. The main purpose of this article is to highlight the adverse allelopathic effects of legume crops to provide ways for sustainable development in agro-ecosystem.

Share and Cite:

Mondal, M. , Asaduzzaman, M. and Asao, T. (2015) Adverse Effects of Allelopathy from Legume Crops and Its Possible Avoidance. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 804-810. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.66086.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] de Faria, S.M., Lewis, G.P., Sprent, J.I. and Sutherland, J.M. (1989) Occurrence of Nodulation in the Leguminosae. New Phytologist, 111, 607-619.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1989.tb02354.x
[2] Vance, C.P., Graham, P.H. and Allan, D.L. (2000) Biological Nitrogen Fixation. Phosphorus: A Critical Future Need. In: Pedrosa, F.O., Hungria, M., Yates, M.G., Newton, W.E., Eds., Nitrogen Fixation: From Molecules to Crop Productivity. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 506-514.
[3] Willey, R.W. (1979) Intercropping—Its Importance and Research Needs. Competitions and Yield Advantages. Field Crop Abstracts, 32, 1-10.
[4] Jensen, E.S. (1996) Grain Yield, Symbiotic N2 Fixation and Interspecific Competition for Inorganic N in Pea-Barley Intercrops. Plant and Soil, 182, 25-38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00010992
[5] Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Ambus, P. and Jensen, E.S. (2001) Temporal and Spatial Root Distribution and Competition for Nitrogen in Pea-Barley Intercropping—A Field Study Employing 32P Methodology. Plant and Soil, 236, 63-74.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1011909414400
[6] Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Jornsgaard, J., Kinane, J. and Jensen, E.S. (2008) Grain Legumecereal Intercropping: The Practical Application of Diversity, Competition and Facilitation in Arable and Organic Cropping Systems. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 23, 3-12.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1742170507002025
[7] Rice, E.L. (1984) Allelopathy. 2nd Edition, Academic Press, Orlando, 422.
[8] Bertin, C., Weston, L.A. and Kaur, H. (2008) Allelopathic Crop Development: Molecular and Traditional Plant Breeding Approaches. In: Janick, J., Ed., Plant Breeding Reviews, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, 231-258.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470380130.ch4
[9] Kruse, M., Strandberg, M. and Strandberg, B. (2000) Ecological Effects of Allelopathic Plants. A Review, Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Silkeborg, Denmark, Rep. No. 315.
[10] Seigler, D.S. (1996) Chemistry and Mechanisms of Allelopathic Interactions. Agronomy Journal, 88, 876-885.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1996.00021962003600060006x
[11] Putnam, A.R. (1985) Allelopathic Research in Agriculture: Past Highlights and Potential. In: Thompson, A.C., Ed., The Chemistry of Allelopathy: Biochemical Interactions among Plants, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bk-1985-0268.ch001
[12] Miller, D.A. (1996) Allelopathy in Forage Crop Systems. Agronomy Journal, 88, 854-859.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1996.00021962003600060003x
[13] Singh, H.P., Batish, D.R. and Kohli, R.K. (1999) Autotoxicity: Concept, Organisms and Ecological Significance. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 18, 757-772.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07352689991309478
[14] Wink, M. and Mohamed, G.I.A. (2003) Evolution of Chemical Defense Traits in the Leguminosae: Mapping of Distribution Patterns of Secondary Metabolites on a Molecular Phylogeny Inferred from Nucleotide Sequences of the rbcL Gene. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 31, 897-917.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00085-1
[15] Wink, M. (2008) Evolutionary Advantage and Molecular Modes of Action of Multicomponent Mixtures Used in Phytomedicine. Current Drug Metabolism, 9, 996-1009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/138920008786927794
[16] Wink, M. (2013) Evolution of Secondary Metabolites in Legumes (Fabaceae). South African Journal of Botany, 89, 164-175.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.006
[17] Kato-Noguchi, H. (2003) Isolation and Identification of an Allelopathic Substance in Pisumsativum. Phytochemistry, 62, 1141-1144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(02)00673-8
[18] Fujii, Y., Shibuya, T. and Usami, Y. (1991) Allelopathic Effect of Mucuna pruriens on the Appearance of Weeds. Weed Research in Japan, 36, 43-49. (In Japanese with English Summary)
[19] Huber, D.M. and Abney, T.S. (1986) Soybean Allelopathy and Subsequent Cropping. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 157, 73-78.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.1986.tb00050.x
[20] Xiao, C.L., Zheng, J.H., Zou, L.Y., Sun, Y., Zhou, Y.H. and Yu, J.Q. (2006) Autotoxic Effects of Root Exudates of Soybean. Allelopathy Journal, 18, 121-127.
[21] Yan, F. and Yang, Z. (2008) Allelochemicals in Pre-Cowing Soils of Continuous Soybean Cropping and Their Autointoxication. In: Zeng, R.S., Mallik, A.U. and Luo, S.M., Eds., Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry, Springer, New York, 271-281.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77337-7_14
[22] Yasmin, S., Saleem, B. and Irshad, A. (1999) Allelopathic Effects of Aqueous Extract of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) on Each Other’s Growth and Quality. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 1, 110-111.
[23] Baziramakenga, R., Simard, R.R. and Leroux, G.D. (1994) Effects of Benzoic and Cinnamic Acids on Growth, Mineral Composition and Chlorophyll Content of Soybean Roots. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 20, 2821-2833.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02098391
[24] Asao, T., Kitazawa, H., Ushio, K., Sueda, Y., Ban, T. and Pramanik, M.H.R. (2007) Autotoxicity in Some Ornamentals with the Means to Overcome it. HortScience, 42, 1346-1350.
[25] Asaduzzaman, M. and Asao, T. (2012). Autotoxicity in Beans and Their Allelochemicals. Scientia Horticulturae, 134, 26-31.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.11.035
[26] Chung, I.M. and Miller, D.A. (1995) Effect of Alfalfa Plant and Soil Extracts on Generation and Seedling Growth. Agronomy Journal, 87, 762-767.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1995.00021962008700040025x
[27] Batish, D.R., Singh, H.P., Kaur, S., Kohli, R.K. and Yadav, S.S. (2008) Caffeic Acid Affects Early Growth, and Morphogenetic Response of Hypocotyl Cuttings of Mung Bean (Phaseolus aureus). Journal of Plant Physiology, 165, 297-305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2007.05.003
[28] Salama, M., Abdelaziz, H.A. and El-Dien, M.H.Z. (2014) Effect of Soil Type on the Allelotoxic Activity of Medicago sativa L. Residues in Vicia faba L. Agroecosystems. Journal of Taibah University for Science, 8, 84-89.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtusci.2014.01.001
[29] Cochran, V.L., Elliott, L.F. and Papendick, R.I. (1977) The Production of Phytotoxins from Surface Crop Residues. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 41, 903-908.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1977.03615995004100050018x
[30] Purvis, C.E. (1990) Differential Response of Wheat to Retained Crop Stubbles. I. Effects of Stubble Type and Degree of Decomposition. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 41, 225-242.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AR9900225
[31] Schenk, S.U. and Werner, D. (1991) β-(3-Isoxazolin-5-on-2-yl)-Alanine from Pisum: Allelopathic Properties and Antimycotic Bioassay. Phytochemistry, 30, 467-470.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(91)83706-Q
[32] Tsuchiya, K. and Ohno, Y. (1992) Analysis of Allelopathy in Vegetable Cultivation. I. Possibility of Occurrence of Allelopathy in Vegetable Cultivation. Bulletin of the National Research Institute of Vegetables Ornamental Plants and Tea Series A, 5, 37-44.
[33] Akemo, M.C., Regnier, E.E. and Bennett, M.A. (2000) Weed Suppression in Spring-Sown Rye (Secale cereale)-Pea (Pisum sativum) Cover Crop Mixes. Weed Technology, 14, 545-549.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/0890-037X(2000)014[0545:WSISSR]2.0.CO;2
[34] Tang, C.S. and Young, C.C. (1982) Collection and Identification of Allelopathic Compounds from the Undisturbed Root System of Bigalta Limpograss (Hemarthria altissima). Plant Physiology, 69, 155-160.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.69.1.155
[35] Putnam, A.R. (1985) Weed Allelopathy. In: Duke, S.O., Ed., Weed Physiology Volume 1: Reproduction and Ecophysiology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 131-155.
[36] Petrova, A.G. (1977) Effect of Phytoncides from Soybean, Gram, Chickpea and Bean on Uptake of Phosphorus by Maize. In: Grodzinsky, A.M., Ed., Interaction of Plants and Microorganisms in Phytocenoses, Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 91-97. (In Russian with English Summary)
[37] Overland, L. (1966) The Role of Allelopathic Substances in the “Smother Crops” Barley. American Journal of Botany, 53, 423-432.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2440341
[38] Cruz-Ortega, R., Anaya, A.L. and Romos, L. (1988) Effects of Allelopathic Compounds from Corn Pollen on Respiration and Cell Division of Watermelon. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 14, 71-86.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01022532
[39] Han, L., Yan, F., Wang, S., Ju, H., Yang, Z. and Yan, J. (2000) Primary Identification of Organic Compounds in Soybean Rhizospheric Soil on Continuous and Alternate Cropping and Their Allelopathy on Soybean Seed Germination. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 11, 582-586.
[40] Tomita-Yokotani, K., Fujii, Y., Yoshida, S., Hashimoto, H. and Yamashita, M. (2003) Volatile Allelopathy in Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens [Correction of pruiens] L.) and Gravity. Biological Science in Space, 17, 212-213.
[41] Chung, I.M., Seigler, D., Miller, D.A. and Kyung, S.H. (2000) Autotoxic Compounds from Fresh Alfalfa Leaf Extracts: Identification and Biological Activity. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 26, 315-327.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005466200919
[42] Kato-Noguchi, H. (2003) Allelopathic Substances in Pueraria thunbergiana. Phytochemistry, 63, 577-580.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00195-X
[43] Miller, D.A. (1983) Allelopathic Effects of Alfalfa. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 9, 1059-1071.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00982211
[44] Abdul-Rahman, A.A. and Habib, S.A. (1989) Allelopathic Effect of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) on Bladygrass (Imperata cylindrica). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 15, 2289-2300.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01012082
[45] Fujii, Y. (2003) Allelopathy in the Natural and Agricultural Ecosystems and Isolation of Potent Allelochemicals from Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens) and Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa). Uchu Seibutsu Kagaku, 17, 6-13.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2187/bss.17.6
[46] Baziramakenga, R., Leroux, G.D. and Simard, R.R. (1995) Effects of Benzoic and Cinnamic Acids on Membrane Permeability of Soybean Roots. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 21, 1271-1285.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02027561
[47] Doblinski, P.M.F., Ferrarese, M.L.L., Huber, D.A., Scapim, C.A., Braccini, A.L. and Ferrarese, F.O. (2003) Peroxidase and Lipid Peroxidation of Soybean Roots in Response to p-Coumaric and p-Hydroxybenzoic Acids. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 46, 193-198.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132003000200009
[48] Holappa, L.D. and Blum, U. (1991) Effects of Exogenously Applied Ferulic Acid, a Potential Allelopathic Compound, on Leaf Growth, Water Utilization, and Endogenous Abscisic Acid Levels of Tomato, Cucumber, and Beans. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 17, 865-886.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01395596
[49] Cruz, O.R., Anaya, A.L. and Hernandez-Bautista, B.E. (1998) Effects of Allelochemical Stress Produced by Sicyos deppei on Seedling Root Ultrastructure of Phaseolous valgaris and Cucubita ficifolia. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 24, 2039-2057.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020733625727
[50] Patterson, D.T. (1981) Effects of Allelopathic Chemicals on Growth and Physiological Response of Soybean (Glycine max). Weed Science, 29, 53-58.
[51] Baziramakenga, R., Leroux, G.D., Simard, R.R. and Nadeau, P. (1997) Allelopathic Effects of Phenolic Acids on Nucleic Acid and Protein Levels in Soybean Seedlings. Canadian Journal of Botany, 75, 445-450.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/b97-047
[52] Mersie, W. and Singh, M. (1993) Phenolic Acids affect Photosynthesis and Protein Synthesis by Isolated Leaf Cells of Velvetleaf. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 19, 1293-1310.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00984876
[53] Tsuchiya, K. (1990) Problems on Allelopathy in Vegetable Cropping. Agriculture and Horticulture, 65, 9-16. (In Japanese)
[54] Chung, I.M., Seigler, D., Miller, D.A. and Kyung, S.H. (2011) Autotoxic Compounds from Fresh Alfalfa Leaf Extracts: Identification and Biological Activity. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 26, 315-327.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005466200919
[55] Nakahisa, K., Tsuzuki, E. and Mitsumizo, T. (1993) Study on the Allelopathy of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.): I. Observation of Allelopathy and Survey for Substances Inducing Growth Inhibition. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 62, 294-299.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1626/jcs.62.294
[56] Nakahisa, K., Tsuzuki, E., Terao, H. and Kosemura, S. (1994) Study on the Allelopathy of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.): II. Isolation and Identification of Allelopathic Substances in Alfalfa. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 63, 278-284.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1626/jcs.63.278
[57] Batish, D.R., Singh, H.P., Kohli, R.K. and Kaur, S. (2001) Crop Allelopathy and Its Role in Ecological Agriculture. Journal of Crop Production, 4, 121-162.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J144v04n02_03
[58] Asaduzzaman, M., Mondal, M.F., Ban, T. and Asao, T. (2013) Selection of Ideal Succeeding Crops after Asparagus, Taro and Beans Replanting Field in Seedling Growth Bioassay. Allelopathy Journal, 32, 1-22.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.