Morphology Control of Polymer Microspheres Containing Block Copolymers with Seed Polymerization

DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2015.52005   PDF   HTML   XML   4,487 Downloads   5,226 Views   Citations

Abstract

Microspheres based on binary polymer blend consisting of polystyrene (PSt), poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), block copolymer comprising PSt and PMMA subunits, and ternary polymer blend consisting of PSt, PMMA, and block copolymer were fabricated by a solvent evaporation method, in which a polymer solution in dichloromethane was dispersed in water phase with the aid of a homogenizer to obtain an O/W emulsion followed by solvent evaporation with agitation to solidify the polymer. In the case of ternary blend, the effect of block copolymer content on the morphology of resulting spheres was investigated. Ternary blends afforded the bi-compartmental morphologies, the intermediate morphology between Janus and core-shell, which was confirmed by TEM observation. Seed polymerization of St or MMA was also carried out utilizing the resulting microspheres as seed particles in order to control the shape, and the surface morphology of particles. The particles with snowman-like morphology were obtained by seed polymerization of St using PSt/PMMA binary blend microspheres as seed particles. Surface roughness was controlled by the polymerization of MMA in the block copolymer seed, and that of St in the ternary blend seed.

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Taherzadeh, H. , Sotowa, S. and Ogino, K. (2015) Morphology Control of Polymer Microspheres Containing Block Copolymers with Seed Polymerization. Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, 5, 43-50. doi: 10.4236/ojopm.2015.52005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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