Prospects of the Hard X-Ray Instrument POLAR to Measure Polarization of Solar Flares


In-depth studies of solar flares emissions and energy releases include analyses of polarization data. Polarization gives clear information about mechanisms and processes leading to electron acceleration and photon production. Despite of many past attempts, the key energy range of hard X-rays was only rarely explored and results were inconclusive. To large extend it was due to greater instrumental complications. Currently several novel polarimeters are either to be employed or under constructions for both balloon and satellite based observations. The novel hard X-ray polarimeter POLAR is an instrument developed by a collaboration between Switzerland, China and Poland. It is primarily designed for high accuracy polarization measurements from the prompt photon emissions of the gamma-ray bursts. The satellite orientation and instrument pointing direction make it also capable for precise measurements of polarization in solar flares. The instrument should fly in near future onboard of the Chinese Space Station TG2.

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Hajdas, W. , Bao, T. , Batsch, T. , Britvitch, I. , Chai, J. , Dong, Y. , Gauvin, N. , Kong, M. , Kramert, R. , Lechanoine-Leluc, C. , Li, L. , Liu, J. , Liu, X. , Marcinkowski, R. , Orsi, S. , Panicca, M. , Pohl, M. , Produit, N. , Rapin, D. , Rutczynska, A. , Rybka, D. , Shi, H. , Sun, J. , Szabelski, J. , Traceira, I. , Wang, R. , Wen, X. , Wu, B. , Xiao, H. , Xu, H. , Zhang, L. , Zhang, S. , Zhang, Y. and Zwolinska, A. (2015) Prospects of the Hard X-Ray Instrument POLAR to Measure Polarization of Solar Flares. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 3, 272-278. doi: 10.4236/jamp.2015.32040.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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