Share This Article:

Effect of Cadmium and Zinc on Growing Barley

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1156KB) PP. 160-172
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.62018    4,059 Downloads   4,653 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The accumulation of metals, in particular of metals known as heavy in the plants poses problem. However, so with the state of traces, these metals are essential to the life, they can with stronger concentrations appear toxic. So to limit the risks, we have to study the effects of these pollutants on the living organisms. Among the techniques of phytorehabilitation, we find the phytoextraction. So, we are interested in the phytoextraction in the barley (Hordium vulgare) of a soil contaminated artificially by zinc and cadmium and the influence of these metals presence on the barley growth. The results show that the barley is tolerant in the zinc and the cadmium; it presents no sign of stress after 4 weeks of culture in soil contaminated by these metals. The accumulated zinc arrests at the level of roots and it is not transferred towards the air parts. On the other hand, the barley accumulates more cadmium compared to zinc.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kherbani, N. , Abdi, N. and Lounici, H. (2015) Effect of Cadmium and Zinc on Growing Barley. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 160-172. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.62018.

References

[1] Mejare, M. and Bulow, L. (2001) Metal-Binding Proteins and Peptides in Bioremediation and Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals. Trends in Biotechnology, 19, 67-73.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-7799(00)01534-1
[2] Clemens, S., Palmgren, M.G. and Kramer, U. (2002) A Long Way Ahead: Understanding and Engineering Plant Metal Accumulation. Trends in Plant Science, 7, 309-314.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(02)02295-1
[3] Chaney, R.L., Malikz, M., Li, Y.M., Brown, S.L., Brewer, E.P., Angle, J.S. and Baker, A.J.M. (1997) Phytoremediation of Soil Metals. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 8, 279-284.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0958-1669(97)80004-3
[4] Bhargava, A., Carmona, F.F, Bhargava, M. and Srivastava, S. (2012) Approaches for Enhanced Phytoextraction of Heavy Metals. Journal of Environmental Management, 105,103-120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.04.002
[5] Sarret, G., Vangronsveld, J., Manceau, A., Musso, M., D’Haen, J., Menthonnex, J.J. and Hazemann, J.L. (2001) Accumulation forms of Zn and Pb in Phaseolus vulgaris in the Presence and Absence of EDTA. Environmental Science Technology, 35, 2854-2859.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es000219d
[6] Aubert, G. (1978) Relation entre le sol et cinq d’éricacées dans le sud est de la France. Oecol Plant, 13, 253-269.
[7] Baize, D. (1997) Teneurs en éléments traces métalliques dans les sols (France) INRA. Editions, Paris.
[8] Wisniewski, L. and Dickinson, N.M. (2003) Toxicity of Copper to Quercus robur (English Oak) Seedlings from a Copper-Rich Soil. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 50, 99-107.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0098-8472(03)00005-4
[9] Xie, Y.H., An, S.Q., Yao, X., Xiao, K.Y. and Zhang, C. (2005) Short-Time Response in Root Morphology Vallisneria natans to Sediment Type and Water-Column Nutrient. Aquatic Botany, 81, 85-96.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2004.12.001
[10] Fritioff, A. and Greger, M. (2006) Uptake and Distribution of Zn, Cu, Cd, and Pb in an Aquatic Plant Potamogeton natans. Chemosphere, 63, 220-227.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.08.018
[11] Zheljazkov, V.D., Craker, L.E. and Xing, B.S. (2006) Effets de Cd, Pb, Cu et sur la croissance et le contenu de l’huile essentielle à l’aneth, menthe poivrée, basilic. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 58, 9-16.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2005.06.008
[12] Lopez, M.L., Peralta, J.R., Parsons, J.G., Gardea, J.L. and Duarte-Gardea, M. (2009) Effect of Indole-3-Acetic Acid, Kinetin, and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid on Plant Growth and Uptake and Translocation of Lead, Micronutrients and Macronutrients in Alfalfa Plants. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 11, 131-149.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15226510802378434
[13] Das, P., Samantaray, S. and Rou, G.R. (1998) Studies on Cadmium Toxicity in Plants: A Review. Environmental Pollution, 98, 29-36.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(97)00110-3
[14] Singh, S., Eapen, S. and D’Souza, S.F. (2006) Cadmium Accumulation and Its Influence on Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidative System in an Aquatic Plant, Bacopa monnieri L. Chemosphere, 62, 233-246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.05.017
[15] Broadley, M.R., White, P.J., Hammond, J.P., Zelko, I. and Lux, A. (2007) Zinc in Plants. New Phytologist, 173, 677-702.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.01996.x
[16] John, R., Ahmad, P., Gadgil, K. and Sharma, S. (2009) Heavy Metal Toxicity: Effect on Plant Growth, Biochemical Parameters and Metal Accumulation by Brassica juncea L. International Journal of Plant Production, 3, 65-76.
[17] Gheju, M. and Stelescu, I. (2013) Chelant-Assisted Phytoextraction and Accumulation of Zn by Zea mays. Journal of Environmental Management, 128, 631-636.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.017
[18] Gheju, M., Balcu, I. and Ciopec, M. (2009) Analysis of Hexavalent Chromium Uptake by Plants in Polluted Soils. Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry, 20, 127-131.
[19] Mojiri, A. (2011) The Potential of Corn (Zea mays) for Phytoremediation of Soil Contaminated with Cadmium and Lead. Journal of Environmental Biology, 5, 17-22.
[20] Wang, X., Shan, X., Zhang, S. and Wen, B. (2004) A Model for the Evaluation of the Phytoavailability of Trace Elements to Vegetables under the Field Conditions. Chemosphere, 55, 811-822.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2003.12.003
[21] Yoon, J., Cao, X., Zhou, Q. and Ma, L.Q. (2006) Accumulation of Pb, Cu, and Zn in Native Plants Growing on a Contaminated Florida Site. Science of the Total Environment, 368, 456-464.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.01.016
[22] Audet, P. and Charest, C. (2007) Heavy Metal Phytoremediation from a Meta-Analytical Perspective. Environmental Pollution, 147, 231-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.08.011
[23] Nouri, J., Lorestani, B., Yousefi, N., Khorasani, N., Hasani, A.H., Seif, F. and Cheraghi, M. (2011) Phytoremediation Potential of Native Plants Grown in the Vicinity of Ahangaran Lead-Zinc Mine (Hamedan, Iran). Environmental Earth Sciences, 62, 639-644.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-010-0553-z
[24] McGrath, S.P., Zhao, F.J. and Lombi, E. (2001) Plant and Rhizosphere Processes Involved in Phytoremediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils. Plant and Soil, 232, 207-214.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010358708525
[25] Wu, S.C., Luo, Y.M., Cheung, K.C. and Wong, M.H. (2006) Influence of Bacteria on Pb and Zn Speciation, Mobility and Bioavailability in Soil: A Laboratory Study. Environmental Pollution, 144, 765-773.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.02.022
[26] Prapagdee, B., Chanprasert, M. and Mongkolsuk, M. (2013) Bioaugmentation with Cadmium-Resistant Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria to Assist Cadmium Phytoextraction by Helianthus annuus. Chemosphere, 92, 659-666.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.01.082

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.