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Preparation of MgAl LDHs Intercalated with Amines and Effect on Thermal Behavior for Poly(vinyl chloride)

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DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2014.412028    3,009 Downloads   3,706 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

MgAl LDHs intercalated with CO(NH2)2, NH4Cl and NH3·H2O were prepared by co-precipitation and XRD, FT-IR, TGA-DTA and SEM techniques were employed for characterization. The results indicated that the layer-layer spacing of LDHs was enlarged by 0.169, 0.285 and 0.227 Å with the intercalation of CO(NH2)2, NH+4 and NH3, separately. The effects on thermal stability and degradation behavior of synthesized LDHs where mole ratios of Mg/Al/urea = 3:1:1, Mg/Al/NH4Cl = 3:1:1.5 and Mg/Al/NH3·H2O = 3:1:0.5 were investigated by Congo Red Method and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) from 25°C - 800°C under N2. The TGA and DTA results showed, by incorporating 5% MgAl-CO(NH2)2 LDH, the dehydrochlorination temperature of PVC composites is 12°C higher than MgAl-NH+4 and MgAl-NH3 LDHs. MgAl-NH3 LDH enhances the ending temperature of the first degradation stage of PVC composites by 8°C compared with MgAl LDH. The LDH intercalated with CO(NH2)2 is proved to be an effective thermal stabilizer for PVC processing.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Xue, X. , Zhang, H. and Zhang, S. (2014) Preparation of MgAl LDHs Intercalated with Amines and Effect on Thermal Behavior for Poly(vinyl chloride). Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 4, 258-266. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2014.412028.

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