Recording of the Intensity of the Electric and Magnetic Fields at 50 Hz and of the Electromagnetic Field in the Range 100 kHz - 3 GHz in the City and Province of Gjirocastër, Albania


For the first time the intensity of the electric and magnetic field in the range of electrical power supply and power transmission lines (50 Hz) and in the range of radio-television broadcasting and telecommunications (100 kHz - 3 GHz) was measured in occupational sites and power plants of the city of Gjirocaster, Albania, and its surroundings. The interest is mainly due to the absence of laws limiting field intensity and to the uncontrolled proliferation of emission sources for mobile telephones in Albania.

Share and Cite:

Fernández, M. , Luches, A. , Bakuli, V. and Kokalari, I. (2014) Recording of the Intensity of the Electric and Magnetic Fields at 50 Hz and of the Electromagnetic Field in the Range 100 kHz - 3 GHz in the City and Province of Gjirocastër, Albania. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 1564-1571. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.517148.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Wertheimer, N. and Leeper, E. (1979) Electrical Wiring Configurations and Childhood Cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology, 109, 273-284.
[2] National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (1996) Possible Health Effects of Exposure to Electric and Magnetic Fields. National Academy Press, Washington DC.
[3] Reitan, J.B., Tynes, T., Kvamshagen, K.A. and Vistnes, A.I. (1996) High-Voltage Overhead Power Lines in Epidemiology: Patterns of Time Variations in Current Load and Magnetic Fields. Bioelectromagnetics, 17, 209-217.<209::AID-BEM6>3.0.CO;2-7
[4] Linet, M.S., Hatch, E.E., Kleinerman, R.A., Robison, L.L., Kaune, W.T., Friedman, D.R., Severson, R.K., Haines, C.M., Hartsock, C.T., Niwa, S., Wacholder, S. and Tarone, R.E. (1997) Residential Exposure to Magnetic Fields and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children. New England Journal of Medicine, 337, 1-7.
[5] McBride, M.L., Gallagher, R.P., Theriault, G., Armstrong, B.G., Tamaro, S., Spinelli, J.J., Deadman, J.E., Fincham, B., Robson, D. and Chaoi, W. (1999) Power-Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields and Risk of Childhood Leukemia in Canada. American Journal of Epidemiology, 149, 831-842.
[6] NRPB National Radiation Protection Board (1992) Electromagnetic Fields and the Risk of Cancer: Report of an Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation. Oxon.
[7] Kallen, B., Malmquist, G. and Moritz, U. (1982) Delivery Outcome among Physiotherapists in Sweden: Is Non-Ionizing Radiation a Fetal Hazard? Archives of Environmental Health, 37, 81-85.
[8] UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)/WHO (World Health Organization)/IRPA (International Radiation Protection Association) (1993) Electromagnetic Fields (300 Hz - 300 GHz). Environmental Health Criteria 137, Geneva.
[9] Cridland, N.A. (1993) Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer: A Review of Relevant Cellular Studies. London.
[10] European Union Parliament and Council (2000) Directive 1999/519/CE of the European Parliament and Council of the 12 July 1999. Official Journal of the European Communities, L199.
[11] European Union Parliament and Council (2004) Directive 2004/40/CE of the European Parliament and Council of the 29 April 2004. Official Journal of the European Communities, L184/1.
[12] Decreto del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri (2003) Fissazione dei limiti di esposizione, dei valori di attenzione e degli obiettivi di qualita per la protezione della popolazione dalle esposizioni a campi elettrici, magnetici ed elettromagnetici generati a frequenze comprese tra 100 kHz e 300 GHz. Gazzetta Ufficiale, 199, 25-29.
[13] Decreto Legislativo 257 (2008) Attuazione della direttiva 2004/40/CE sulle prescrizioni minime di sicurezza e di salute relative all’esposizione dei lavoratori ai rischi derivanti dagli agenti fisici (campi elettromagnetici). Gazzetta Ufficiale, 9, 4-11.
[14] De Donno, A., Guido, M., Fernández, M. and Signorile, G. (2005) Measurement of Low and High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields in a Southern Salento Town (Italy). Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, 46, 58-65.
[15] ECC Recommendation (2007) Specification for the Measurement of Disturbance Fields from Telecommunications Systems and Networks in the Frequency Range 9 kHz to 3 GHz. Helsinki.
[16] CENELEC prEN 50492 (2007) Basic Standard for the In-Situ Measurement of Electromagnetic Field Strength Related to Human Exposure in the Vicinity of Base Stations. CENELEC.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.