Effects of Copaiba Oil on Cyclophosphamide-Induced Teratogenesis in Mice

DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.523362   PDF   HTML   XML   3,774 Downloads   4,458 Views   Citations

Abstract

Cyclophosphamide is an anti-neoplastic chemotherapy drug which, when administered to animals during the gestational period, provokes visceral, skeletal and external malformations. Copaiba oil obtained from Copaifera L. genus is traditionally used in popular medicine for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. However, the effect of copaiba oil onteratogenesis remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the possible protector effects of copaiba oil on the model of teratogenesis induced by cyclophosphamide in mice. Pregnant female Swiss mice were divided into 8 groups (n = 15). Three groups received copaiba oil, via gavage, in the following doses: 0.3 mL·Kg-1, 0.6 mL·Kg-1 and 0.9 mL·Kg-1 (b.w.), associated to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), intraperitoneal (i.p.). The negative control group received medium chain triglyceride (MCT) and PBS. The positive control group received cyclophosphamide (30 mg·Kg-1 (b.w.)) and MCT. The three treatment groups called associated groups (A) received one of the doses of copaiba oil, via gavage and an associated dose of cyclophosphamide intraperitoneally. Copaiba oil presented a protective effect against teratogenesis induced by cyclophosphamide in the following skeletal structures: metacarpals, forepaws proximal phalanges, and tail vertebras. It also reduced the hydrocephalus frequency. These data suggest that copaiba oil could be a potential candidate for an anti-teratogenic agent.

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Lourenço, A. , Baroneza, J. , Ramos, S. , Miguel, L. , Juliani, L. , Pic-Taylor, A. and Salles, M. (2014) Effects of Copaiba Oil on Cyclophosphamide-Induced Teratogenesis in Mice. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 3464-3473. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.523362.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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