Rheological and Thermal Behavior of High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) at Different Temperatures

Abstract

In the present work, rheological properties of HDPE samples were measured at temperatures of 150°C, 190°C and 230°C. It was shown, by oscillatory tests, at low frequencies, that, for temperatures of 150°C and 190°C, there was a predominance of the viscous behavior over the elastic one. At 230°C, there was a predominance of the elastic contribution, and there was an increase of the molar mass compared with the ones obtained from the tests at 150°C and 190°C. The results obtained from the temperature ramp oscillatory test showed that, up to around 248°C, the viscous behavior prevailed, the opposite being observed at higher temperatures. At 230°C the sample showed significantly lower values of strain when compared with the ones observed at 150°C and 190°C. Oxidative induction time (OIT), melting point and degree of crystallinity were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC results and the rheological measurements showed a completely different behavior for the HDPE samples at 230°C compared with the 150°C and the 190°C ones, suggesting that HDPE, at the temperature of 230°C, underwent thermo-oxidative degradation with the initial predominance of crosslinking.

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Erbetta, C. , Manoel, G. , Oliveira, A. , Silva, M. , Freitas, R. and Sousa, R. (2014) Rheological and Thermal Behavior of High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) at Different Temperatures. Materials Sciences and Applications, 5, 923-931. doi: 10.4236/msa.2014.513094.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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