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The Origins of Bosons and Fermions

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.517181    3,369 Downloads   4,077 Views   Citations
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This paper proposes that all Bosons and all Fermions originate from even more elementary constituents, which called Spin Angular Momentum Vacuum (SAMV). SAMV is filled with Primitive Spin Particles (PSP). The total square spin angular momentum of each PSP is negative, less than zero. Those PSP labeled by index  of Casimir Operator, are called Vacuum Spin Particle (VSP), which could be contracted into so-called Vacuum Bubbles (VB). VB are identical bubbles, are "sub-observable physical quantities". VB are paired up into Vacuum Bubble Pair VBP. VSP ωj(or ω+-) results from Self-identical vacuum bubble interaction  through the zero order Phase Transition PT. When the 1st, 2nd, 3rd,... order PT of VBP occur,  then VBP turn into Bosons and Fermions, excited out of sea level of SAMV ocean.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ren, S. (2014) The Origins of Bosons and Fermions. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 1848-1879. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.517181.


[1] P.A.M. Dirac. (1928) "The quantum theory of the electron," Proc. Roy. Soc A117, 610-624.
[2] Ren, S.X. (2014) The Third Kind Of Particles. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 800-869.
[3] ShaoXu Ren. (2014) The Origins Of Spins Of Elementary Particles, ISBN 978-988-13649-7-5

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