Carbon Sequestration in Soil Cooperated with Organic Composts and Bio-Char during Corn (Zea mays) Cultivation


Background: The objective of this study was to estimate the carbon sequestration in soils cooperated with organic composts and bio-char during corn cultivation. Methods and Results: For the experiment, the soil texture used in this study was clay loam, and application rates of chemical fertilizer and bio-char were 230-107-190 kg·ha-1 (N-P2O5-K2O) as recommended amount after soil test and 0.2% to soil weight. The soil samples were periodically taken at every 15-day intervals during the experimental periods. The treatments consisted of cow compost, pig compost, swine digestate from aerobic digestion system, and their bio-char cooperation. For estimating soil C sequestration, it is determined by the net balance between carbon inputs and outputs during corn cultivation periods. For the experimental results, it found that applications of aerobic swine digestate, cow compost, and pig compost could sequester C by 38.9%, 82.2% and 19.7% in soil, respectively, when bio-char from rice hulls was cooperated with soil. For plant responses, application of bio-char in the corn field for carbon sequestration was not occurred the damage of corn growth. Conclusion: When bio-char from rice hulls was cooperated with soil, applications of aerobic swine digestate, cow compost, and pig compost could sequester C by 38.9%, 82.2% and 19.7% in soil, respectively. Therefore, addition of bio-char with organic composts could have a potential soil C sequestration in agricultural practices.

Share and Cite:

Shin, J. , Lee, S. , Park, W. , Choi, Y. , Hong, S. and Park, S. (2014) Carbon Sequestration in Soil Cooperated with Organic Composts and Bio-Char during Corn (Zea mays) Cultivation. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 3, 151-155. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2014.34018.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Koocheki, A. and Nassiri Mahallati, M. (2008) Impact of Climate Change and CO2 Concentration on Wheat Yield in Iran and Adaptation Strategies. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 6, 139-153.
[2] Koocheki, A., Nassiri, M., Kamali, G.A. and Shahandeh, H. (2006) Potential Impact of Climate Change on Agro-Meteorological Indicators in Iran. Arid Land Research and Management, 20, 245-259.
[3] Koocheki, A., Nassiri, M., Soltani, A., Sharifi, H. and Ghorbani, R. (2006) Effects of Climate Change on Growth Criteria and Yield of Sunflower and Chickpea Crops in Iran. Climate Research, 30, 247-253.
[4] IPCC (1996) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[5] IPCC (1999) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Data Distribution Center. CD-ROM Version 1.0. Providing Climate Change and Related Scenarios for Impact Assessments, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, Norwich.
[6] Lal, L. (2002) Soil Carbon Dynamics in Cropland and Rangeland. Environmental Pollution, 116, 353-362.
[7] Atkinson, C.J., Fitzgerald, J.D. and Hipps, N.A. (2010) Potential Mechanisms for Achieving Agricultural Benefits from Bio-Char Application to Temperate Soils: A Review. Plant and Soil, 337, 1-18.
[8] Laird, A.D. (2008) The Charcoal Vision: A Win-Win-Win Scenario for Simultaneously Producing Bioenergy, Permanently Sequestering Carbon, while Improving Soil and Water Quality. Agronomy Journal, 100, 178-184.
[9] Lehmann, J., Kern, D.C., Glaser, B. and Woods, W.I., Eds. (2004) Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York.
[10] Mathews, J.A. (2008) Carbon-Negative Biofuels. Energy Policy, 36, 940-945.
[11] Rondon, M., Ramirez, J.A. and Lehmann, J. (2005) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Decrease with Charcoal Additions to Tropical Soils.
[12] Wardle, D.A., Nilsion, M.C. and Zackrisson, O. (2008) Fire-Derived Charcoal Cause Loss of Forest Humus. Science, 320, 629.
[13] Jones, D.L., Murphy, D.V., Khalid, M., Ahmad, W., Edwards-Jones, G. and DeLuca, T.H. (2011) Short-Term Biochar Induced Increase in Soil CO2 Release Is both Biotically and Abiotically Mediated. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 1723-1731.
[14] Luo, Y., Durenkamp, M., De Nobili, M., Lin, Q. and Brookes, P.C. (2011) Short Term Soil Priming Effects and the Mineralization of Biochar Following Its Incorporation to Soils of Different pH. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 2304-2314.
[15] Liang, B.Q., Lehmann, J., Sohi, S.P., Thies, J.E., O’Neill, B., Trujillo, L., Gaunt, J., Solomon, D., Grossman, J., Neves, E.G. and Luizao, F.J. (2010) Black Carbon Effects the Cycling of Non-Black Carbon in Soil. Organic Geochemistry, 41, 206-213.
[16] Cross, A. and Sohi, S.P. (2011) The Priming Potential of Biochar Products in Relation to Labile Carbon Contents and Soil Organic Matter Status. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 2127-2134.
[17] Lehmann, J. (2009) Biological Carbon Sequestration Must and Can Be a Win-Win Approach. Climatic Change, 97, 459-463.
[18] Kuzyakov, Y., Subbotina, I., Chen, H., Bogomolova, I. and Xu, X.L. (2009) Black Carbon Decomposition and Incorporation into Soil Microbial Biomass Estimated 14C Labeling. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41, 210-219.
[19] Deenik, J.L., McClellan, T., Uehara, M., Antal, M.J. and Campbell, S. (2010) Charcoal Volatile Matter Content Influences Plant Growth and Soil Nitrogen Transformations. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 74, 1259-1270.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.