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In Situ UV–Vis Spectroelectrochemical Studies on the Copolymerization of Diphenylamine and o-Phenylenediamine

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.22021    7,407 Downloads   14,012 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The in situ ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroelectrochemical study on the copolymerization of diphenylamine (DPA) and o-phenylenediamine (OPD) has been performed at a constant potential of 0.8 V using indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass electrodes as working electrode. And also, as a comparison, the electrochemical homopolymerizations of DPA and OPD have been investigated by using the in situ spectroelectrochemical technique. The intermediate species generated during the electrochemical homopoly-merization of DPA and OPD, and the copolymerization of DPA with OPD have been identified by using the in situ spectroelectrochemical procedure. The results reveal the formation of an intermediate in the initial stage of copolymerization through the cross-reaction of the cation radicals of DPA and OPD, and the absorption peak located at 538 nm in the UV–Vis spectra is assigned to this intermediate. To further investigate the copolymerization of DPA with OPD, cyclic voltammetry (CV) has been used to study the electrochemical homopolymerization of DPA and OPD and also the copolymerization of DPA and OPD with different concentration ratios in solution. The different voltammetric characteristics between the homopolymerization and copolymerization processes exhibit the occurrence of the copolymerization, and the difference between the copolymerization of DPA and OPD with different concentration ratios shows the dependence of the copoly-merization on the concentrations of DPA and OPD. The copolymer has also been characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Zhang, B. Hou and Q. Lang, "In Situ UV–Vis Spectroelectrochemical Studies on the Copolymerization of Diphenylamine and o-Phenylenediamine," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 182-193. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2011.22021.

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