Direct Experimental Evidence of the Statistical Nature of the Electron Gas in Superconducting Films

DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.516170   PDF   HTML   XML   3,042 Downloads   3,394 Views  

Abstract

In an Nb film an alternate electrical current is partitioned at a Y-shaped obstacle into two splitted beams. The intensity-fluctuation correlation of the two beams (cross-correlation) and the intensity-fluctuation correlation of one beam (auto-correlation) are measured within a low-frequency bandwidth as a function of the incident beam intensity, at temperatures T above or below the temperature Tc of the superconductive transition. The results of these measurements reveal the statistical nature of the electron gas in the normal film and in the superconducting film. The conceptual scheme of the present experiment is a version of the Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) experiment, here adopted for a gas of particles in a solid.

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Iannuzzi, M. , Lucci, M. and Ottaviani, I. (2014) Direct Experimental Evidence of the Statistical Nature of the Electron Gas in Superconducting Films. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 1708-1712. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.516170.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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