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Thermodynamic Study for Arsenic Removal from Freshwater by Using Electrocoagulation Process

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DOI: 10.4236/aces.2014.44056    3,796 Downloads   4,565 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Insert Industrial treatment of mineral-processing and non-ferrous metal-smelting acid wastewater effluents is becoming an enormous worldwide problem. In Mexico, heavy metalscontaminated natural waters, including freshwater, surface water and ground water, are a significant problem as some of these compounds are known as toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. A very promising electrochemical treatment technique that does not require chemical additions to remove arsenic is electrocoagulation (EC) with air injection. The proposed electrochemical process is efficient because used low cost iron electrodes and promising in industrial application. Theoretical the purpose of this research was to investigate the thermodynamic of arsenic adsorption on iron species using the Langmuir’s Isotherm. Also, thermodynamic parameters such as , and were calculated and the adsorption process was found to be exothermic and spontaneous. X-ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy, were used to characterize the solid products formed during EC. The results of this study suggest that magnetite particles and amorphous iron oxyhydroxides are present in the examined EC products and this study indicate that arsenic can be successfully adsorbed on iron species by electrocoagulation process. Field pilot-scale study demonstrated the removal of As(III)/As(V) with an efficiency of more than 99% from both wastewater and wells.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Parga, J. , Valenzuela, J. , Munive, G. , Vazquez, V. and Rodriguez, M. (2014) Thermodynamic Study for Arsenic Removal from Freshwater by Using Electrocoagulation Process. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 4, 548-556. doi: 10.4236/aces.2014.44056.

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