Physical Growth Pattern of Settlements in a Traditional Region, Southwest Nigeria


The study examined the growth pattern of settlements in Oke-Ogun area of Oyo State, Nigeria between 1984 and 2011; and predicted the future growth pattern of settlements in the study area. Both primary and secondary data were used for this study. Primary sources of data include Global Positioning System (GPS), Landsat TM and ETM+ imageries of 1984, 1990, 2000, and 2011. Secondary data included administrative map and population data of the study area. Descriptive statistics and geospatial technique were used to analyse the data collected. The results showed a random pattern of settlement distribution in the study area. Results revealed that settlements covered about 0.52% of the total land area in 1984; 1.32% in 2000; and 3.78% in 2011. Whereas linear pattern of growth characterised the periods between 1984 and 1990; clustering, infilling, and fringes were the patterns of growth that characterised the periods between 1990 and 2011. The study predicted that, at an average 1.2% of annual growth rate, settlements will occupy about 44.37% of the total land area by 2031. The study concluded that settlements in the study area varied in the patterns of distribution; the area was dominated by indigenous settlements type with overconcentration of social and economic infrastructures in few centres.

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Olayiwola, A. , Ajala, O. and Sangodipe, J. (2014) Physical Growth Pattern of Settlements in a Traditional Region, Southwest Nigeria. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1345-1360. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.511110.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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