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Abnormal Linguistic Lateralization and Sensory Processing in High Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Conditions

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DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2014.49042    3,742 Downloads   4,524 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Brain lateralization for language in high-functioning children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) and sensory processing were explored as a part of a neuropsychological profile. A dichotic listening test and the Luria laterality subtest were administered to all participants (including controls) and the sensory profile test only to the ASC group. The usual right ear advantage was not exhibited by children with ASC and anomalies in auditory filtering were found. The sensory profile of 60% of the sample was characterized by hypersensitivity to auditory stimuli, hyposensitivity to vestibular information, high emotional reactions to sensory experiences, poor psychosocial coping strategies, high distractibility and inability to interpret body and facial language. Hyper-responsiveness to environmental auditory stimuli was significantly associated with impaired attention. Similarly, non-adaptive responses to sensory quotidian experiences were strongly connected to poor coping strategies. Our results, although preliminary, contribute to emphasizing the importance of including additional assessment methods such as the dichotic listening and the sensory profile questionnaire in the evaluation of cognitive profile in high-functioning children with ASC to plan an individualized psycho-educative intervention.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Martínez-Sanchis, S. , Bernal, M. , Costa, A. and Gadea, M. (2014) Abnormal Linguistic Lateralization and Sensory Processing in High Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Conditions. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 4, 432-442. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2014.49042.

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