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Research on the Graft Copolymerization of EH-lignin with acrylamide

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2009.11004    4,591 Downloads   9,749 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Lignin isolated from enzymatic hydrolyzed corn-stalks (EH-lignin) is a renewable natural polymer noted for its versatility and applicability in a vari-ety of uses. Graft copolymerization of EH-lignin with acrylamide (AM) and the application of this copolymer as a flocculant in dye wastewater treatment were studied in this article. The influ-ences of some factors on yield of copolymer and the grafting ratio were investigated and the structure of EH-lignin/AM graft copolymer was characterized by FT-IR. According to the yield and the grafting ratio, the optimum conditions for graft copolymerization were as follows: initiator K2S2O8-Na2S2O3 with a quantity 3 wt% of EH-lignin, mass ratio of AM to EH-lignin was 2~3, reaction time 4h and temperature at 50℃. It was found that the absorption capacity of graft copolymer to two azo-dyes was enhanced with the increase of grafting ratio. Furthermore, the residue concen-tration of EH-lignin/AM graft copolymer remained in the supernatant after flocculation was much lower than that of pure EH-lignin.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Fang, R. , Cheng, X. , Fu, J. and Zheng, Z. (2009) Research on the Graft Copolymerization of EH-lignin with acrylamide. Natural Science, 1, 17-22. doi: 10.4236/ns.2009.11004.

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