Using of High Altitude Wind Energy

DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22010   PDF   HTML     8,177 Downloads   13,046 Views   Citations


Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current de-signs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This article suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy cable transmission system between the air rotor and a ground based electric generator. The air rotor system flies at high altitude up to 14 km. A stability and control is provided and systems enable the changing of altitude. This article includes six examples having a high unit power output (up to 100 MW). The proposed examples provide the following main advantages: 1) Large power production capacity per unit—up to 5,000 - 10,000 times more than conventional ground-based rotor designs; 2) The rotor operates at high altitude of 1 - 14 km, where the wind flow is strong and steady; 3) Installation cost per unit energy is low; 4) The installation is environmentally friendly (no propeller noise).

Share and Cite:

A. Bolonkin, "Using of High Altitude Wind Energy," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 75-85. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] A. A. Bolonkin, “Utilization of Wind Energy at High Altitude,” Proceedings of the International Energy Con- version Engineering Conference at Providence, Rhode Island, 16-19 August 2004. AIAA-2004-5705, AIAA- 2004-5756, USA. /0701 /0701114. pdf
[2] P. Gipe, “Wind Power,” Chelsea Green Publishing Co., Vermont, 1998.
[3] R. W. Thresher, etc., “Wind Technology Development: Large and Small Turbines,” NRFL, 1999.
[4] A. A. Bolonkin, “Method of Utilization a Flow Energy and Power Installation for It,” USA Patent Application 09/946,497 of 09/06/2001.
[5] A. A. Bolonkin, “Transmission Mechanical Energy to Long Distance,” Proceedings of the International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference at Providence, Rhode Island, 16-19 August 2004, Paper AIAA-2004-5660.
[6] F. S. Galasso, “Advanced Fibers and Composite,” Gordon and Branch Scientific Publisher, London, New York, 1989.
[7] “Carbon and High Performance Fibers Directory and Data Book,” 6th Edition, Chapmen& Hall, London, New York, 1995, p. 385.
[8] J. I. Kroschwitz, “Concise Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering,” Wiley, New York, 1990, p. 1341.
[9] M. S. Dresselhaus, “Carbon Nanotubes,” Springer, London, New York, 2000.
[10] A. A. Bolonkin, “Femtotechnology: Nuclear AB-Material with Fantastic Properties,” 2009.,
[11] A. A. Bolonkin, “Femtotechnology: Design of the Strongest AB-Matter for Aerospace,” American Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2009, pp. 501-514.,
[12] A. A. Bolonkin, “Converting of Any Matter to Nuclear Energy by-AB-Generator,” 2009.,
[13] A. A. Bolonkin, “Converting of any Matter to Nuclear Energy by AB-Generator and Aerospace,” 2009., or

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.