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The Association of World Health Organisation (WHO) Safe Community Programme with Death Rate from Motorcycle Accidents in Iran

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.48077    2,360 Downloads   3,126 Views  

ABSTRACT

Background: Many developing countries are facing the problem of rapidly rising death rate from fatal accidents involving motorcycles. Objective: To determine the effect of participation and implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Safe Community Programme on death rate from fatal motorcycle accidents. Methods: Motorcycle’ fatal accident data were obtained from forensic medicine departments and hospital records in 11 cities located in three provinces in Iran during 2006-2007. Data were analyzed using chi-square and ANOVA tests. Fidelity of the data was safeguarded by using national security coding for each individual involved in the accident. Results: The highest death rate was found in the Fars province followed by Khorasan and Bushehr provinces. In Fars province, the highest mortality rate was found in Niriz city, which did not implement the Safe Community Programme and the lowest death rate was reported from Arsanjan city participating in Safe Community. Similar results were found in the Khorasan province. In Busher province, the highest death rate was found in Busher city participating in the program and the lowest in Genaveh city—not participating in the program. Among sex and age groups, males aged 19 - 39 years old had a highest death rate. Half of the death occurred at the accident scene—25% during a transfer to the hospital and 25% of death occurred at the hospital. Conclusions: The Safe Community Programme is a promising model to prevent death from fatal motorcycle accidents in urban areas in Iran.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Moghisi, A. , Mohammadi, R. , Svanstrom, L. and Kazemeini, H. (2014) The Association of World Health Organisation (WHO) Safe Community Programme with Death Rate from Motorcycle Accidents in Iran. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4, 681-688. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.48077.

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