A Democratic China?
Peter Emerson
The de Borda Institute, Belfast, UK.
DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.43013   PDF   HTML   XML   3,796 Downloads   4,816 Views   Citations


Many are the criticisms of those who feel that the one-party state in China is inadequate, and many are the calls, especially from abroad, for reform. But would a democratic Chinaas per a western interpretationbe an improvement? In tackling this question, this paper concentrates on voting procedures: those used in elections and those (which may or may not be the same) used in decision-making. This article first looks at the USSR, Eastern and Central Europe, and then briefly at Africa. Next, it considers what could go wrong if a standard, western, multi-party democracy was to be adopted in China. And finally, it offers a more inclusive polity.

Share and Cite:

Emerson, P. (2014) A Democratic China?. Open Journal of Political Science, 4, 118-129. doi: 10.4236/ojps.2014.43013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Brown, K. (2011). Ballot Box China. London and New York: Zed Books.
[2] Deutscher, I. (1982). Stalin. London: Penguin, 71.
[3] Emerson, P. (2000). From Belfast to the Balkans. Belfast: The de Borda Institute, 49-50.
[4] Emerson, P. (2007). Designing an All-Inclusive Democracy. Heidelberg: Springer.
[5] Emerson, P. (2012). Defining Democracy. Heidelberg: Springer, 143-50.
[6] Emerson, R. (1966). From Empire to Nation. Boston: Beacon, 284.
[7] Fenby, J. (2012). Tiger Head, Snake Tails. London, New York: Simon and Schuster, 163
[8] Gittings, J. (2005). The Changing Face of China. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 160.
[9] Glenny, M. (1996). The Fall of Yugoslavia. London: Penguin, 166.
[10] Gorbachev, M. (1987). Perestroika. London: Collins, 216.
[11] Hailsham, L. (1978). The Dilemma of Democracy. London: Collins.
[12] Huntington, S. P. (1997). The Clash of Civilizations. London, New York: Touchstone Books, 225.
[13] Jacques, M. (2012). When China Rules the World. London: Penguin.
[14] Joseph, W. A. (2010). Politics in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 108.
[15] Keay, J. (2009). China. London: Harper Press.
[16] Lijphart, A. (2012). Patterns of Democracy (2nd ed.). New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 6.
[17] Mandela, N. (1994). Long Walk to Freedom. London: Abacus, 25.
[18] Matlosa, K. (2007). Challenges of Conflict, Democracy and Development in Africa. Johannesburg: Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa, Eisa, 332.
[19] McLean, I., & Urken, A. (1995). Classics of Social Choice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 4.
[20] Nathan, A. J. (1986). Chinese Democracy. Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California, 61.
[21] Prunier, G. (1995). The Rwanda Crisis. London: C. Hurst and Co, 183.
[22] Saari, D. (2008). Disposing Dictators, Demystifying Voting Paradoxes. Cambridge: CUP, 95.
[23] Spence, J. D. (1999). The Search for Modern China. New York, London: W. W. Norton & Co., 275.
[24] Ste. Croix, G. E. M. (2005). Athenian Democratic Origins. Oxford: OUP, 198.
[25] Wang, Y.-C. (1968). An Outline of the Central Government of the Former Han Dynasty. In J. L. Bishop (Ed.), Studies of Government Institutions in Chinese History (p. 176). Harvard-Yenching Institute Studies XXIII.
[26] Woodward, S. L. (1995). Balkan Tragedy. Washington: Brookings Institute, 271.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.