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Ceramic Nanocrystalline Superconductor Gadolinium Barium Copper Oxide (GdBaCuO) at Different Treating Temperatures

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DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2014.43021    3,448 Downloads   4,400 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

With the discovery of high-TC superconducting materials like Yttrium Barium Cupric Oxide, Bismuth Strontium Calcium Copper Oxide and Thallium Calcium Barium Copper Oxide, tremendous interest has developed over the past two years in understanding these materials as well as utilizing them in a variety of applications. The thin films of these materials are expected to play an important role in the area of microelectronics, especially for interconnects in integrated circuits, Josephson junctions, magnetic field sensors and optical detectors. Here, the authors designed a new nanocrystalline ceramic type II high-TC superconductor, Gadolinium Barium Copper Oxide (GdBaCuO/GBCO). The GBCO perovskite phase structure was prepared by the conventional solid state thermochemical reaction technique involving mixing, milling, calcination and sintering. In GBCO system, the method for controlling microstructure and superconducting state is related to oxygen content consideration because small changes in oxygen concentration can often lead to huge change in Tc. In order to show the viability of the proposed method, super-conducting powder was prepared in special furnace. The sample was analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), an indispensible non-destructive tool for structural materials characterization and quality control which makes use of the Debye-Scherrer method. The comparison of XRD results with JCPDS files confirmed the orthorhombic structure of the sample. Micro-structural features are studied using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) which revealed that its particle size is in the nanometer range. It also confirmed the calculated value of particle size from Debye Scherrer’s formula. EDX plot shows the presence of all the constituents. X-ray instrumental peak broadening analysis was used to evaluate the size and lattice strain by the Williamson-Hall Plot method.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Vinila, V. , Jacob, R. , Mony, A. , G. Nair, H. , Issac, S. , Rajan, S. , S. Nair, A. , J. Satheesh, D. and Isac, J. (2014) Ceramic Nanocrystalline Superconductor Gadolinium Barium Copper Oxide (GdBaCuO) at Different Treating Temperatures. Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, 4, 168-176. doi: 10.4236/jcpt.2014.43021.

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