The Impact of Microscopic Fungi on the Morphological and Structural Properties of Carbon Steel


The growth of the microscopic fungi on the solid surface has a great influence on technical materials destruction. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of two strains of micromycetesPenicillium palitansstrain6 andArthrinium phaeospermumstrain 10 on morphological and structural properties of carbon steel surfaces in the nutrient medium. The difference in consumption of chlorine byP. palitans6(0.07 wt%) andA. phaeospermum10(0.04 wt%) and the difference in accumulation of a newly formed elementmanganese forP. palitans6(0.01 wt%) andA. phaeospermum10(0.03 wt%) has been observed. A relation between the surface and interface fungal stimulated processes, the biotic oxidation of steel surface as well as formation of the mixed oxides on the biomodified steel surface has been determined. The morphology of surfaces was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, the structure—by the X-ray diffraction method, Fourier transformation infrared and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy.

Share and Cite:

Binkauskiene, E. , Lugauskas, A. , Prosyčevas, I. , Pakštas, V. , Selskiene, A. , Bučinskiene, D. and Ručinskiene, A. (2014) The Impact of Microscopic Fungi on the Morphological and Structural Properties of Carbon Steel. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 4, 242-248. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2014.44027.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Lee, J.S., Ray, R.I., Little, B.J. and Lemieux, E.J. (2004) Evaluation of Deoxygenation as a Corrosion under Stagnant Seawater Conditions. Biofouling, 20, 237-247.
[2] Lugauskas, A., Prosycevas, I., Ramanauskas, R., Griguceviciene, A., Selskiene, A. and Pakstas, V. (2009) The Influence of Micromycetes on the Corrosion Behaviour of Metals. Materials Science, 15, 224-235.
[3] Xu, D., Li, Y., Song, F. and Gu, T. (2013) Laboratory Investigation of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion of c1018 Carbon Steel by Nitrate Reducing Bacterium Bacillus licheniformis. Corrosion Science, 77, 385-390.
[4] De Leo, F., Campanella, G., Proverbio, E. and Urzì, C. (2013) Laboratory Tests of Fungal Biocorrosion of Unbonded Lubricated Post-Tensioned Tendons. Construction and Building Materials, 49, 821-827.
[5] Gunasekaran, G., Chongdar, S., Gaonkar, S.N. and Kumar, P. (2004) Influence of Bacteria on Film Formation Inhibiting Corrosion. Corrosion Science, 46, 1953-1967.
[6] Kielemoes, J., Bultinck, I., Storms, H., Boon, N. and Verstraete, W. (2002) Occurrence of Manganese-Oxidizing Microorganisms and Manganese Deposition during Biofilm Formation on Stainless Steel in a Brackish Surface Water. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 39, 41-55.
[7] Little, B. and Staehle, R. (2001) Fungal Influenced Corrosion in Post-Tension Structures. The Electrochemical Society, 10, 44-48.
[8] Lee, J.S., McBeth, J.M., Ray, R.I., Little, B.J. and Emerson, D. (2013) Iron Cycling at Corroding Carbon Steel Surfaces. Biofouling, 29, 1243-1252.
[9] Hamilton, W.A. (2003) Microbially Influenced Corrosion as a Model System for the Study of Metal Microbe Interactions: A Unifying Electron Transfer Hypothesis. Biofouling, 19, 65-76.
[10] Beech, I.B. and Sunner, J. (2004) Biocorrosion: Towards Understanding Interactions between Biofilms and Metals. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 15, 181-186.
[11] Videla, H.A. and Herrera, L.K. (2005) Biotechn Microbiologically Influence Corrosion: Looking to the Future. International Microbiology, 8, 169-180.
[12] Binkauskiene, E. (2005) Voltammetric Investigation of Oxidation Process at Polyaniline-Modified Electrode. Chemicals Technology, 3, 23-25. (in Lithuanian)
[13] Prodan, D., Chaneac, C., Tronc, E., Jolivet, J.P., Cherkaour, R., Ezzir, A., Nogues, M. and Dorman, J.L. (1999) Adsorbtion Phenomena and Magnetic Properties of γ-Fe2O3 Nanoparticles. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 203, 63-65.
[14] Krehula, S.S. and Music, S. (2006) Influence of Ruthenium Ions on the Precipitation of α-FeOOH, α-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 in Highly Alkaline Media. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 416, 284-290.
[15] Iconaru, S.L., Prodan, A.M., Le Coustumer, P. and Predoi, D. (2013) Synthesis and Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activity of Iron Oxide Glycerol Nanoparticles Obtained by Coprecipitation Method. Journal of Chemistry, 2013, Article ID: 412079.
[16] He, Z., Fang, Y., Wang, X. and Pang, H. (2011) Microwave Absorbtion Properties of PANI/CIP/Fe3O4 Composites. Synthetic Metals, 161, 420-425.
[17] Schwertmann, U. (1985) The Effect of Pedogenic Environments on Iron Oxides Minerals. In: Advances in Soil Science, Vol. 1, Springer-Verlag, Inc., New York, 171-200.
[18] Li, F.B., Li, X.Z., Liu, C.S. and Liu, T.X. (2007) Effect of Alumina on Photocatalytic Activity of Iron Oxides for Bisphenol A Degradation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 149, 199-207.
[19] Lugauskas, A., Leinartas, K., Griguceviciene, A., Selskiene, A. and Binkauskiene, E. (2008) Possibility of Micromycetes Detected in Dust to Grow on Metal (Al, Fe, Cu, Zn) and Polyaniline-Modified Ni. Ecology, 54, 149-157. (in Lithuanian)
[20] Mohapatra, M. and Anand, S. (2010) Synthesis and Applications of Nano-Structured Iron Oxides/Hydroxides—A Review. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 2, 127-146.
[21] Khalil, S.M., Ali-Shattle, E.E. and Ali, N.M. (2013) A Theoretical Study of Carbohydrates as Corrosion Inhibitors of Iron. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A, 68a, 581-586.
[22] Cole, R.J. and Schweikert, M.A. (2003) Handbook of Secondary Fungal Metabolites. Academic Press, Elsevier Science, San Diego.
[23] Frisvad, J.C. and Samson, R.A. (2004) Polyphasic Taxonomy of Penicillium subgenus Penicillium—A Guide to Identification of Food and Air-Borne Terverticillate Penicillia and Their Mycotoxins. Studies in Mycology, 49, 1-52.
[24] Domsh, K.H., Gams, W.T.H. and Anderson, T.H. (1980) Compendium of Soil Fungi. Academic Press, London.
[25] Binkauskiene, E., Lugauskas, A. and Bukauskas, V. (2013) The Mycological Effect on Morphological, Electrochemical and Redox Properties of the Polyaniline Surface. Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 1792-1798.
[26] Socrates, G. (2004) Infrared and Raman Characteristic Group Frequencies: Tables and Charts. 3rd Edition, Wiley & Sons, Chichester, New York, Weinheim, Toronto, Brisbane, Singapore.
[27] Ami, D., Posteri, R., Mereghetti, P., Porro, D., Doglia, S. and Branduardi, P. (2014) Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy as a Method to Study Lipid Accumulation in Oleaginous Yeasts. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 7, 12.
[28] Do, N., Xu, Y., Zhang, H., Zha, C. and Yang, D. (2010) Selective Synthesis of Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 Nanowires Via a Single Precursor: A General Method for Metal Oxide Nanowires. Nanoscale Research Letters, 5, 1295-1300.
[29] Parikh, S.J. and Chorov, J. (2005) FTIR Spectroscopic Study of Biogenic Mn-Oxide Formation by Pseudomonas putida GB-1. Geomicrobiology Journal, 22, 207-218.
[30] Cantor, F., Park, J.K. and Vaiyavatjamai, P. (2003) Effect of Chlorine on Corrosion in Drinking Water Systems. Journal American Water Works Association, 95, 112-123.
[31] Mero, O., Shpaisman, N., Grinblat, J. and Margel, S. (2013) Synthesis and Characterization of Air-Stable Elemental Fe Thin Films by Chemical Vapor Deposition of Fe3(CO)12. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 3, 217-223.
[32] Do, G.X., Paul, B.J., Mathew, V. and Kim, J. (2013) Nanostructured Iron ((III) Oxyhydroxide/(VI) ) Composite as a Reversible Li, Na and K-Ion Insertion for Energy Storage Devices. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, A1, 7185-7190.
[33] Li, P., Fan, Q., Pan, D., Liu, S. and Wu, W. (2011) Effects of pH, Ionic Strength, Temperature, and Humic Acid on Eu(III) Sorption onto Iron Oxides. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 289, 757-764.
[34] Tani, Y., Miyata, N., Ohashi, M., Ohnuki, T., Seyama, H., Iwahori, K. and Soma, M. (2004) Interaction of Inorganic Arsenic with Biogenic Manganese Oxide Produced by a Mn-Oxidizing Fungus, Strain KR21-2. Environmental Science & Technology, 38, 6618-6624.
[35] Petkov, V., Ren, Y., Saratovsky, I., Pasten, P., Gurr, S.J. and Hayward, M.A. (2009). Atomic-Scale Structure of Biogenic Materials by Total X-Ray Diffraction: A Study of Bacterial and Fungal MnOx. ACS Nano, 3, 441-445.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.