Impact of Fine Sediment on TSS and Turbidity in Retention Structure


A study of the impact of fine sediment on various water quality parameters in retention structure such as sediment basin was conducted on stagnant and flowing condition. 7 water quality parameters (pH, TSS, turbidity, DO, BOD, COD, ammonium nitrogen) were measured and classified according to the Interim National Water Quality Standard (INWQS) for Malaysia. Results show higher fine sediment concentration causes higher TSS and turbidity. Besides, results show TSS and turbidity were influenced by soil type for the same amount of fine sediment. Soil Siri Rasau 1 showed highest TSS and turbidity value followed by soil Siri Bungor and soil alluvium. A good positive correlation of TSS versus turbidity and has been investigated in this study. Multiple nonlinear regression analysis revealed that parameter TSS is dependent on time, total soil mass, fine soil mass and flow rate.

Share and Cite:

Hern, T. , Hin, L. , Ibrahim, S. , Sulaiman, N. , Sharifi, M. and Abe, S. (2014) Impact of Fine Sediment on TSS and Turbidity in Retention Structure. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 2, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/gep.2014.24001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Ali, Z. M., Ibrahim, N. A., Mengersen, K., Shitan, M., & Juahir, H. (2013). New Relative Importance of Water Quality Variables in Langat River. International Journal of Chemical & Environmental Engineering, 4.
[2] APEC (2011). APEC Water Systems: Free Drinking Water, Learn about Water Quality.
[3] APHA (2005). Standard Methods of Water and Wastewater (21st ed.). Washington DC: American Public Health Association.
[4] Astel, A., Biziuk, M., Przyjazny, A., & Namie?nik, J. (2006). Chemometrics in Monitoring Spatial and Temporal Variations in Drinking Water Quality. Water Research, 40, 1706-1716.
[5] Bhandari, N. S., & Nayal, K. (2008). Correlation Study on Physico-Chemical Parameters and Quality Assessment of Kosi River Water, Uttarakhand. Journal of Chemistry, 5, 342-346.
[6] Divakaran, R., & Sivasankara Pillai, V. N. (2002). Flocculation of River Silt Using Chitosan. Water Research, 36, 2414- 2418.
[7] Eisakhani, M., & Malakahmad, A. (2009). Water Quality Assessment of Bertam River and Its Tributaries in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. World Applied Sciences Journal, 7, 769-776.
[8] Gandaseca, S., Rosli, N., Ngayop, J., & Arianto, C. I. (2011). Status of Water Quality Based on the Physico-Chemical Assessment on River Water at Wildlife Sanctuary Sibuti Mangrove Forest, Miri Sarawak. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 7.
[9] Johnston, C. A. (1991). Sediment and Nutrient Retention by Freshwater Wetlands: Effects on Surface Water Quality. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 21, 491-565.
[10] Jonnalagadda, S. B., & Mhere, G. (2001). Water Quality of the Odzi River in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe. Water Research, 35, 2371-2376.
[11] Lee, P. K., Touray, J. C., Baillif, P., & Ildefonse, J. P. (1997). Heavy Metal Contamination of Settling Particles in a Retention Pond along the A-71 Motorway in Sologne, France. Science of the Total Environment, 201, 1-15.
[12] Nazahiyah, R., Yusop, Z., & Abustan, I. (2007). Stormwater Quality and Pollution Loading from an Urban Residential Catchment in Johor, Malaysia. Water Science & Technology, 56.
[13] Sawyer, C. N., & McCarty, P. L. (1978). Chemistry for Environmental Engineering (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
[14] Yisa, J., & Jimoh, T. (2010). Analytical Studies on Water Quality Index of River Landzu. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.