Feasibility of Groundwater Banking under Various Hydrologic Conditions in California, USA


This study evaluates the feasibility of groundwater banking in the Central Basin. The Central Basin is located in Sacramento County in northern California, USA. The study basin is bounded by three rivers (the Sacramento, the American, the Consumes and Mokelumne rivers), and by the Sierra-Nevada mountain range. This study focuses on the potential for groundwater recharge in the Central Basin for three water years (critical, wet, above normal). For that purpose, a 3-D Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) with MODFLOW was created. Three recharge wells were added to the calibrated groundwater model to recharge the water table with 10,000 Acre-Feet (AF) of water to the Central Basin. The banking of 10,000 AF during the critical and wet years was effective in raising the water table elevation in the cone of depression area without causing any negative impact elsewhere in the basin. According to the findings of the Central Basin model, banking up to 10,000 AF of groundwater during any year type is feasible. More than 10,000 AF of groundwater banking might cause more negative impacts than positive benefits.

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Merayyan, S. and Safi, S. (2014) Feasibility of Groundwater Banking under Various Hydrologic Conditions in California, USA. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 3, 79-92. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2014.33009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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