Recent Trends in the Supply and Demand of Volunteers

DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.46039   PDF   HTML     3,466 Downloads   5,025 Views   Citations


This work aims at describing the trends observed since the beginning of the crisis in the supply of and demand for volunteers. Few works exist that examine this dynamic, for the lack of recent data, and because the study of the demand for volunteers and for volunteers services is still rather undeveloped. Some hints appear that indicate: 1) an increase in the stock of volunteers, but not in every country, 2) an increase in demand for volunteers services.

Share and Cite:

Schenkel, M. , Ermano, P. and Marino, D. (2014) Recent Trends in the Supply and Demand of Volunteers. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 4, 319-331. doi: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.46039.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] United Nations (2007) Handbook on Non-Profit Institutions in the System of National Accounts. UN, New York.
[2] Salamon, L.M., Sokolowski, S. and Haddok, M.A. (2011) Measuring the Economic Value of Volunteer Work Globally: Concepts, Estimates, and a Roadmap to the Future. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 82, 217-252
[3] Menchik, P. and Weisbrod, B.A. (1987) Volunteer Labor Supply. Journal of Public Economics, 32, 159-183.
[4] Schiff, J. and Weisbrod, B. (1993) Competition between For-Profit and Non-profit Organizations. In: Ben-Ner, A. and Gui, B., Eds., The Non-Profit Sector in the Mixed Economy, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 288 p.
[5] Freeman, R.B. (1997) Working with Nothing: The Supply of Volunteer Labor. Journal of Labour Economics, 15, 140-166.
[6] Tilly, C. and Tilly, C. (1994) Capitalist Work and Labor Markets. In: Smelser, N. and Swedberg, R., Eds., Handbook of Economic Sociology, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 283-313.
[7] Bolle, P. (2009) Labour Statistics: The Boundaries and Diversity of Work. International Labour Review, 148, 183-193.
[8] International Labour Organization (2011) Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work. ILO, Geneva.
[9] Wilson, J. and Musick, M. (1997) Who Cares? Toward an Integrated Theory of Volunteer Work. American Sociological Review, 62, 694-713.
[10] Bekkers, R. and Bowman, W. (2008) The Relationship between Confidence in Charitable Organizations and Volunteering Revisited. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 884-889.
[11] Mellor, D., Hayashi, Y., Stokes, M., Firth, L., Lake, L., Staples, M., Chambers, S. and Cummins, R. (2009) Volunteering and Its Relationship With Personal and Neighborhood Well-Being. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 144-159;
[12] Prouteau, L. and Wolff, F. (2006) Does Volunteer Work Pay off in the Labor Market? The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 992-1013.
[13] Antoni, G.D. (2009) Does Satisfaction Matter? A Microeconomic Empirical Analysis of the Effect of Social Relations on Economic Welfare. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 38, 301-309.
[14] Giunta, G., Giunta, G. and Marino. D. (2014) A Community Welfare Model Interdependent with Productive, Civil Economy Clusters: A New Approach. Forthcoming.
[15] Andreoni, J. (1990) Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving. The Economic Journal, 100, 464-477.
[16] Putnam, R.D. (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
[17] Wollebak, D. and Stromsnes, K. (2008) Voluntary Associations, Trust, and Civic Engagement: A Multilevel Analysis. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 37, 249-263.
[18] Apinunmahakyl, A., Barham, V. and Devlin, R.A. (2009) Charitable Giving, Volunteering, and the Paid Labor Market. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 77-94.
[19] Sundeen, R.A., Garcia, C. and Raskoff, S.A. (2009) Ethnicity, Acculturation, and Volunteering Organizations. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 929-955.
[20] Themudo, N.S. (2009) Gender and the Nonprofit Sector. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 663-683.
[21] Enjolras, B. (2008) A Governance-Structure Approach to Voluntary Organizations. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 761-783.
[22] Borzaga, C., Gui, B. and Schenkel, M. (1995) Disoccupazione e bisogni insoddisfatti: Il ruolo delle organizzazioni non-profit. Quaderni di Economia del lavoro, 50, 100-129.
[23] Musick, M.A. and Wilson, J. (2007) Volunteers: A Social Profile. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
[24] Ishkanian, A. and Szeter, S. (2012) The Big Debate Society. A New Agenda for Social Welfare? Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
[25] Weisbrod, B.A. (1975) Toward a Theory of the Voluntary Nonprofit Sector in a Three-Sector Economy. In: Phelps, E., Ed., Altruism, Morality and Economic Theory, Russell Sage, New York, 171-195.
[26] Matsunaga, Y., Yamauchi, N. and Okuyama, O. (2010) What Determines the Size of the Nonprofit Sector? A Cross-Country Analysis of the Government Failure Theory. Voluntas, 21, 180-201.
[27] Vaughan-Whitehead, D. (2013) Public Sector Shocks in Europe: Between Reforms and Quantitative Structural Adjustment. In: Vaughan-Whitehead, D., Ed., Public Sector Shock, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, 1-42.
[28] Handy, F., Mook, L. and Quarter, J. (2007) The Interchangeability of Paid Staff and Volunteers in Nonprofit Organization. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 37, 76-92.
[29] Nichols, G. and Ojala, E. (2009) Understanding the Management of Sports Events Volunteers through Psychological Contract Theory. Voluntas, 20, 369-387.
[30] Rogelberg, S.G., Allen, J.A., Conway, J.M., Goh, A., Currie, L. and McFarland, B. (2010) Employee Experiences with Volunteers Assessment, Description, Antecedents, and Outcomes. Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 20, 423-444.
[31] Handy, F., Seto, S., Wakaruk, A., Mersey, B., Mejia, A. and Copeland, L. (2010) The Discerning Consumer: Is Nonprofit Status a Factor? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 39, 866-883.
[32] Marino, D. and Timpano, F. (2009) Altruism in Firms? Competition: Towards an Evolutionary Foundation of Nonprofit Behavior. International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, 4, 281-289.
[33] Benjamin, E.J. (2001) A Look inside Corporate Employee Volunteer Programs. Journal of Volunteer Administration, 19, 16-31.
[34] Tschirhart, M. (2005) Employee Volunteer Programs. In: Brudney, J.L., Ed., Emerging Areas of Volunteering, Arnova, Indianapolis, 13-29.
[35] Booth, J.E., Park, K.W. and Glomb, T.M. (2009) Employer-Supported Volunteering Benefits: Gift Exchange among Employers, Employee, Volunteer and Organizations. Human Resource Manageme-
nt, 48, 227-249.
[36] Sajardo Moreno, A. and Serra Yoldi, I. (2008) Avances recientes en la investigacion economica sobre el voluntariado: Valoracion economica del trabajo voluntario, costes de gestion del voluntariado y voluntariado corporativo. CIRIEC-Espana, Revista de Economia Publica, Social y Cooperativa, Decembre 2008, No. 63, 191-225.
[37] Porter, M. and Kramer, M.R. (2006) Strategy and Society: The Link between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility. Harvard Business Review, 84, 78-92.
[38] Zoli, M. (2004) The Welfare State Systems in European Union Countries. LLEE Working Document, Roma.
[39] Salamon, L.M., Sokolowski, S. and Anheier, H.K. (2000) Social Origins of Civil Society: An Overview. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.
[40] Giunta, G. and Marino, D. (2014) Impresa sociale e politiche di sviluppo e coesione nel Mezzogiorno: Lo strumento della fondazione di comunita. Impresa Sociale, 3.
[41] Marino, D., Michelutti, M. and Schenkel, M. (2009) The Attitudes, Motivations and Satisfaction of Volunteers. International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, 17, 368-405.
[42] GHK (2011) Study on Volunteering in the European Union-Final Report. Directorate General Education and Culture, European Union, Bruxelles.
[43] McCloughan, P., Batt, W.H., Pribs, M. and Scully, D. (2011) Second European Quality of Life Survey—Participation in Volunteering and Unpaid Work. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Bruxelles.
[44] European Parliament (2011) Special Eurobarometer of the European Parliament 75.2—Voluntary Work. Directorate General Communication, June 2011, Bruxelles.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.