Share This Article:

Epidemiological and Histological Aspects of Women Genital Cancers in Côte d’Ivoire

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:694KB) PP. 516-523
DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.49073    3,734 Downloads   4,487 Views   Citations


Genital cancers in women play an important role in cancer pathology in the developing countries. Objectives: This study aimed at clarifying the epidemiological and histopathological aspects of woman genital cancers in C?te d’Ivoire. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study conducted in the anatomical pathology laboratories of the university hospitals in Abidjan. The study was carried out over a period of twenty-four years (1984-2007). The variables studied were: frequency, age, histological type and prognosis. Results: Genital cancers in women accounted for 41.28% (n = 2491) of cancer in women and 21% of cancers. The average age of patients was 46.65 years (range 2 - 88 years). The cervix (82.85%) was the main location followed by the ovary (8.6%). Histologically, carcinomas (92.93%) were the most common types of sarcomas. Cervical cancers were diagnosed at an average age of 47.36 years (range 2 to 88 years). Carcinomas were the predominant histological type (92.88%) with 57.4% (n = 450) diagnosed at pT2N0M0 stage. The average age of patients bearing ovarian cancer was 39.13 years (range 8 to 82 years).Common malignant epithelial tumours were the most common histological type (57.48%) (n = 123) followed by non-Hodgkin lymphoma (14.95%). Conclusion: Genital cancers in women are common and poorly prognosed in Cote d’Ivoire. The adoption of a policy of routine screening is needed to improve the prognosis of these tumours.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

N’Dah, K. , Doukoure, B. , Troh, E. , Aman, N. , Koffi, K. , Kouamé, A. , Effi, A. , D’Horpock, A. and Diomande, M. (2014) Epidemiological and Histological Aspects of Women Genital Cancers in Côte d’Ivoire. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 516-523. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.49073.


[1] Chbani, L., Hafid, I., Berraho, M., et al. (2013) Epidemiological and Pathological Aspects of Cancers in the Regions of Fez-Boulemane (Morocco). Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19, 264-270.
[2] International Agency for Research on Cancer, Globocancer (2008) Cancer Incidence, Mortality, and Prevalence Worldwide in 2008.
[3] Amegbor, K., Darre, T., Ayena, K.D., et al. (2011) Cancers in Togo from 1984 to 2008. Epidemiological and Pathological Aspects of 5251 Cases. Journal of Cancer Epidemiology, 3, 98-102.
[4] N’Dahindwa, V., Ngendahayo, L. and Vyankandondera, J. (2012) Epidemiological and Pathological Aspects of Cancer in Hospital University Teaching of Rwanda. Medical Journal of Rwanda, 69, 40-48.
[5] Goumbri/Lompo, O.M., Domagni, O.E., Sanopu, A.M., et al. (2009) Epidemiological and Histopathological Aspects of Cancers in Burkina Faso. African Journal of Cancer, 1, 207-211.
[6] Effi, A.B., N’Dah, K.J., N’Guiessan, A.A., et al. (2012) Epidemiology and Pathology of Cancers in Ivory Coast. African Journal of Cancer, 4, 41-47.
[7] Diop, P.S., Ka, I., N’Diaye, N., et al. (2012) Breast and Gynecological Cancers in the General Hospital of Grand Yoff Dakar: Analysis and Implications for Epidemiological Aspects about 1269 Cases. African Journal of Cancer, 4, 176-179.
[8] Platz, C.E. and Benda, J.A. (1995) Female Genital Tract Cancers. Cancer, 75, 270-294.<270::AID-CNCR2820751312>3.0.CO;2-D
[9] Traore, M., Diabate, F.S., Diarra, I., et al. (2004) Breast and Gynecological Cancers: Epidemiological and Clinical Aspects of Hospital Point G in Bamako. Medical Journal of Mali, 19, 4-9.
[10] Mouele Sone, A., Essomba, M., Fezeu, M., et al. (1994) Importance of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Cervical Cancer in Developing Countries. Journal of African Medicine, 41, 187.
[11] Banza, K., Kizonde, J., Unga, M., et al. (1999) Cervical Cancer: Issues of Management. About 40 Cases Seen at the hospital in Lubumbashi. Journal of Lumumbashi, 2, 17-20.
[12] Abboud, J., Attieh, E. and Germanos, A. (1992) Invasive Cervical Cancer. Treatment Tailored to the Therapeutic Method. Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 21, 19-22.
[13] Sankaranarayanan, R., Blanck, R.J., Swaninatha, R., et al. (1998) An Overview of Cancer Survival in Developing Countries. IARC Scientific Publications, 145, 135-173.
[14] Querleu, D. and White, E. (2005) Cervical Cancer. Treaty Gynecology, Medicine-Sciences, Flammarion Editions, Paris, 359-360.
[15] Nayama, M., Nouhou, H., Madougou-Sunna, K., et al. (2006) Breast and Gynecological Cancers: Epidemiological and Histological Aspects Made from the Record of Pathology Laboratory of the Faculty of Science and Heath Niamey (Niger). Medical Journal of Mali, 31, 43-49.
[16] Mandelblatt, J.S., Kanetsky, P., Eggert, L. and Gold, K. (1999) Is HIV Infection a Cofactor for Cervical Squamous Cell Neoplasia? Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 8, 97-106.
[17] Uzoiwe, S.A. and Seleye-Fubara, D. (2004) Cervical Cancers in Fort Harcourt, Rivers State. A Clinico-Pathological 13 Years Review. Nigerian Journal of Medicine, 13, 110-113.
[18] Sankaranarayanan, R. and Ferley, J. (2006) Worldwide Burden of Gynecological Cancer: The Size of the Problem. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 20, 207-225.
[19] Statistics about Ovarian Cancers (2013)
[20] Duarte-Franco, E. and Franco, E.L. (2004) Other Gynecologic Cancers: Endometrial, Ovarian, Vulvar and Vaginal Cancers. BMC Women’s Health, 4, S14.
[21] Body, G., Marret, H., De Poncheville, L., et al. (2005) Ovarian and Fallopian Cancers. Processed of Gynecology. Medicine-Sciences, Flammarion Editions, Paris, 371-407.
[22] Sando, Z., Mboudou, E., Fouoguet, T.J., et al. (2010) Clinical and Pathological Profile of Ovarian Cancer in Yaounde (Cameroon). Wink in Mothers and Child Heath, 7, 1183.
[23] N’Dah, K.J., Effi, A.B., Yao, G.V., et al. (2010) Epidemiological and Histological Aspects of Burkitt’s Lymphoma in Ivory Coast. About 245 Cases Collected in 24 Years (1984-2007). African Journal of Pathology, 9, 17-25.
[24] Seigneurin, J.M., Fafi-Kremer, S., Baccard, M., et al. (2006) The Epstein-Barr Virus and Infection Markers. Training Manual. Medical Biology, 36, 48-50.
[25] Parkin, D.M., Whelan, S.L., Ferlay, J., et al. (1997) Cancer in Five Continents. Vol. VII, IARC Scientific Publications, Lyon, 143.
[26] Descamps, P., Catala, L., Lefebvre, C., et al. (2005) Endometrial Cancer. Processed of Gynecology, Medicine-Sciences, Flammarion Editions, Paris, 332-349.
[27] Belanger, H. and Roy, M. (1994) Vulvar Women’s Health. Edisem Editions FMOQ Malone, Saint-Hyacinthe, 711-716.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.