Analysis of Volutin Granule Formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae


The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae serves as an effective model organism for many cellular pathways including phosphate transport, accumulation, and storage. In S. cerevisiae, phosphate is actively transported across the plasma membrane via several phosphate carriers and is then transported into the acidic vacuole (roughly equivalent to the mammalian lysosome with degradative functions but with additional storage functions, such as calcium) where it is synthesized into volutin, a storage form of polyphosphate, found in many organisms. We have been studying volutin granule formation in wild type cells to determine the physiological requirements for formation and in mutants to determine the pathway by which the volutin biosynthetic proteins are transported to the vacuole. Undertaking an analysis of volutin formation in yeast vacuoles by blocking vacuole function with pharmacological agents, such as ionomycin and CCCP, we see that vacuole pH as well as vacuolar calcium seems critical for volutin formation. Different blocks in vacuolar protein sorting have differential effects on volutin granule accumulation, with volutin granule formation seen in all mutant strains thus far tested, except for vps33, a mutant cell strain lacking all vacuolar structure. Our data are consistent with pleiotrophic effects of vacuolar physiological function blocks leading to a decrease in volutin formation.

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Marshall, P. , Rosa, D. , Sanchez, L. and Starr, M. (2014) Analysis of Volutin Granule Formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Advances in Microbiology, 4, 465-473. doi: 10.4236/aim.2014.48051.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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