Cardiac arrhythmias detection in an ECG beat signal using fast fourier transform and artificial neural network
Himanshu Gothwal, Silky Kedawat, Rajesh Kumar
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DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2011.44039   PDF   HTML     13,844 Downloads   29,994 Views   Citations

Abstract

Cardiac Arrhythmias shows a condition of abnor-mal electrical activity in the heart which is a threat to humans. This paper presents a method to analyze electrocardiogram (ECG) signal, extract the fea-tures, for the classification of heart beats according to different arrhythmias. Data were obtained from 40 records of the MIT-BIH arrhythmia database (only one lead). Cardiac arrhythmias which are found are Tachycardia, Bradycardia, Supraventricular Tachycardia, Incomplete Bundle Branch Block, Bundle Branch Block, Ventricular Tachycardia. A learning dataset for the neural network was obtained from a twenty records set which were manually classified using MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database Directory and docu- mentation, taking advantage of the professional experience of a cardiologist. Fast Fourier transforms are used to identify the peaks in the ECG signal and then Neural Networks are applied to identify the diseases. Levenberg Marquardt Back-Propagation algorithm is used to train the network. The results obtained have better efficiency then the previously proposed methods.

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Gothwal, H. , Kedawat, S. and Kumar, R. (2011) Cardiac arrhythmias detection in an ECG beat signal using fast fourier transform and artificial neural network. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 4, 289-296. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2011.44039.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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