Share This Article:

Evaluation of Propagation of Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) through Stenting Method in Response to Different IBA Concentrations and Rootstocks

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:276KB) PP. 1836-1841
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.513197    5,690 Downloads   7,268 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Stenting is a vegetative propagation method, based on cutting and grafting in one action. The question addressed in this study is whether indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) concentration is able to impress success of Chinese hibiscus propagation when grafted onto two kinds of rootstocks. The used IBA concentrations include: 0, 1000, 3000 and 5000 ppm and two cultivars of Hibiscus syriacus (“Blue Stain” and “Jeanne d’Arc”), which have been used as rootstock. Results indicated that, all the cultivars were superior for most of the measured parameters when IBA treatments were used compared to control plants except for average of the longest root size. The highest healing percentage resulted in stentlings (plant which has been propagated by stenting method) with 5000 ppm of IBA treatment. All IBA treatments significantly increased rooting percentage compared with the control plants. Stentlings that were treated with 3000 and 5000 ppm of IBA, produced the greatest leave number. In Chinese hibiscus/“Jeanne d’Arc” combination, higher root number and dry weight of roots were observed. Interactions of kinds of rootstock and IBA concentration showed that the highest healing percentage was obtained in “Blue Stain” in concentration of 5000 ppm and the highest root number were seen in stentlings with “Jeanne d’Arc” in 3000 ppm and “Jeanne d’Arc” in 5000 ppm.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Izadi, Z. and Zarei, H. (2014) Evaluation of Propagation of Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) through Stenting Method in Response to Different IBA Concentrations and Rootstocks. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1836-1841. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.513197.

References

[1] Kumar, A. and Singh, A. (2012) Review on Hibiscus rosa sinensis. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical sciences, 3, 534-538.
[2] Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davis, F.T. and Genev, R.L. (2002) Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
[3] Nazari, F., Khosh-Khui, M. and Salehi, H. (2009) Growth and Flower Quality of Four Rosa hybrida L. Cultivars in Response to Propagation by Stenting or Cutting in Soilless Culture. Scientia Horticulturae, 119, 302-305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2008.08.004
[4] Couvillon, G.A. (1988) Rooting Response to Different Treatments. Acta Horticulturae, 227, 187-196.
[5] Izadi, Z. (2012) An Investigation of the Effect of Grafting Time, Technique, Kind of Rootstock and Scion on the sUccess of Stenting Method of Greenhouse Rose (R. hybrida). M.Sc. Thesis, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, Gorgan.
[6] Nair, A., Zhang, D. and Smagula, J. (2008) Rooting and Overwintering Stem Cuttings of Stewartia pseudocamellia maxim. Relevant to Hormone, Media, and Temperature. HortScience, 43, 2124-2128.
[7] Abu-Zahra, T.R., Hasan, M.K. and Hasan, H.S. (2012) Effect of Different Auxin Concentration on Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) Rooting. World Applied Sciences Journal, 16, 7-10.
[8] Van de Pol, P.A. and Breukelaar, A. (1982) Stenting of Roses; a Quick Propagation by Simultaneously Cutting and Grafting. Scientia Horticulturae, 17, 187-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(82)90012-7
[9] Shadparvar, V., Mohammadi Torkashvand, A. and Alinejad Alamshiri, H. (2011) Effect of IBA and Soil Mixture on Rooting of (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis). European Journal of Experimental Biology, 1, 142-146.
[10] Majeed, M., Khan, M.A. and Mughal, A.H. (2009) Vegetative Propagation of Aesculus indica through Stem Cuttings Treated with Plant Growth Regulators. Journal of Forest Research, 20, 171-173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11676-009-0031-1
[11] Strydom, D.K. and Hartman, H.T. (1959) Absorption, Distribution and Destruction of Indol Acetic Acid in Plum Stem Cuttings. Journal of Plant Physiology, 35, 435-442.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.35.4.435
[12] Al-Salem, M.M. and Karam, N.S. (2001) Auxin, Wounding, and Propagation Medium Affect Rooting Response of Stem Cuttings of Arbutus andrachne. HortScience, 36, 976-978.
[13] Sun, W.Q. and Bassuk, N.L. (1993) Auxin-Induced Ethylene Synthesis during Rooting and Inhibition of Bud Break of “Royalty” Rose Cutting. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 118, 638-643.
[14] Dieters, M.J. and Haines, R.J. (1990) Influence of Rootstock Family and Scion Genotype on Graft Incompatibility in Araucaria cunninghammii Ait. Silvae Genetica, 40, 141-146.
[15] Doumas, P., Bonnet-Masimbert, M. and Zaerr, J.B. (1989) Evidence of Cytokinin Bases, Ribosides and Glucosides in Roots of Douglas-Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii. Tree Physiology, 5, 63-72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/5.1.63
[16] Cline, M., Yoders, M., Desai, D., Harrington, C. and Carlson, W. (2006) Hormonal Control of Second Flushing in Douglas-Fir Shoots. Tree Physiology, 26, 1369-1375.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/26.10.1369
[17] Chalapathi, M.V., Thimmegowda, N.D., Kumar, S., Gangadhar, G., Rao, E. and Mallikarjun, K. (2001) Influence of Length of Cutting and Growth Regulators on Vegetative Propagation of Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert.). Crop Research, 21, 53-56.
[18] Serdar, U., Kose, B. and Yilmaz, F. (2005) The Structure of Graft Unions in European Chestnut Using Different Grafting Methods. HortScience, 40, 1474-1477.
[19] Aslmoshtaghi, E. and Shahsavar, A.R. (2010) Endogenous Soluble Sugars, Starch Contents and Phenolic Compounds in Easy- and Difficult-to-Root Olive Cuttings. Journal of Biological & Environmental Sciences, 4, 83-86.
[20] Izadi, Z., Zarei, H. and Alizadeh, M. (2012) Study on Vegetative Propagation of Rosa Canina. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 69, 598-601.
[21] Karimi, H.R. (2011) Stenting (Cutting and Grafting)—A Technique for Propagation Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.). Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 19, 73-79.
[22] Lachaud, S., Catesson, M.A. and Bonnemain, J.L. (1999) Structure and Function of the Vascular Cambium. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Series III—Sciences de la Vie/Life Sciences, 322, 633-650.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.