Avian Diversity in and around Digha, District—East Midnapore (West Bengal, India)


The digha is located at the border of West Bengal and Orissa state. It has both fresh and saline waterbodies rich in aquatic vegetation and several kinds of birds in the harbours in all the seasons. Grassland areas, rice fields, herbs, shrubs and trees located in and around the water bodies provide food and shelter for these birds. Total number of 86 bird species belonging to 10 orders and 35 families were recorded during the 2-year long study period. Passeriformes is the dominant order of birds. But the future of this avian fauna is in danger due to unchecked growth of tourism related hotel industry and urbanisation of the city.

Share and Cite:

Patra, G. and Chakrabarti, S. (2014) Avian Diversity in and around Digha, District—East Midnapore (West Bengal, India). Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 5, 596-602. doi: 10.4236/abb.2014.57070.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Pocket Guide to the Birds of Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, Mumbai.
[2] Sharma, I.K. (1982) Adverse Effects of Air, Water and Soil Pollutions on Flora and Fauna of Towns and Villages of Western Rajasthan. Symposium on Environment Consciousness, Problems of Pollution and Conservation in Rajasthan, 1-3 October 1982.
[3] Zoological Survey of India, Contribution to the Faunal Diversity of India, Aves.
[4] Padmavati, A., Alexandar, R. and Anbarashan, M. (2010) Our Nature. 8, 247-253.
[5] Bhattacharjee, P.C. and Hazarika, B.C. (1985) Roosting Sites and Roosting Birds at Gauhati Muncipal Area. Second Intenational Symposium on Life Sciences, 14-16 November 1985, NEHU Shillong.
[6] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digha
[7] Ali, S. (2012) The Books of Indian Birds. 13th Edition, Oxford University Press, Delhi.
[8] Ali, S. and Ripely, S.D. (1987) Compact Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, Bombay.
[9] Balachandran, S., et al. (2009) Bird Atlas of Chilka. Bombay Natural History Socity, India.
[10] http://data.gbif.org/search

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.