Relationship between the Components of the Metabolic Syndrome and Measures of Bone Mineral Density in Post-Menopausal Women


Aim: To examine the association between individual components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and bone mineral density (BMD) among postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 177 postmenopausal women participated in a cross-sectional study. They were interviewed to collect anthropometric and demographic characteristics. BMD was measured and biochemical parameters were estimated in fasting blood samples. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine the association between individual components of MetS and BMD. Results: Among 177 postmenopausal women, 116 (66%) had MetS. Women with MetS had significantly higher mean values of BMD and T scores at the total hip (P < 0.05) compared to women without MetS, which disappeared after adjustment for body weight, but not for age (P < 0.05). Features of the MetS other than waist circumference were not significantly related to BMD values at the three skeletal sites, except for diastolic blood pressure association with BMD at the femoral neck (r = 0.150, P < 0.05). BMD at the total hip was also positively associated with both of triglycerides (r = 0.157, P < 0.05) and fasting blood glucose (r = 0.193, P < 0.01). To identify the independent factors affecting the BMD at the 3 skeletal sites according to metabolic states, stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was performed. Conclusions: Body weight and osteocalcin were more strongly associated with bone mass than any other component of MetS in postmenopausal women. However, further studies seem to be needed to confirm their observation.

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Alissa, E. , Alnahdi, W. , Alama, N. and Ferns, G. (2014) Relationship between the Components of the Metabolic Syndrome and Measures of Bone Mineral Density in Post-Menopausal Women. Journal of Diabetes Mellitus, 4, 155-164. doi: 10.4236/jdm.2014.42023.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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