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Synthesis of Cardanol Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant and Enthalpy-Entropy Compensation of Micellization in Aqueous Solutions

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DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.46033    3,496 Downloads   4,754 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A novel cardanol sulfonate Gemini surfactant with high surface properties was synthesized by cashew phenol, 1,3-dibromopropane and chlorosulfonic acid through three steps procedure of etherification, sulfonation and neutralization. A surface tension method was employed to investigate the thermo-dynamic properties of micellization in aqueous solution for cardanol sulfonate Gemini surfactant synthesized in laboratory. As a result, the micellization of cardanol sulfonate Gemini surfactant in aqueous solutions is spontaneous and entropy-driven. The micellization process is enthalpy-entropy compensated with the compensation temperature (Tc) of 308 ± 1 K.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Shi, W. , Wang, P. , Li, C. , Li, J. , Li, H. , Zhang, Z. , Wu, S. and Wang, J. (2014) Synthesis of Cardanol Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant and Enthalpy-Entropy Compensation of Micellization in Aqueous Solutions. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 4, 360-365. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.46033.

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