Boys, Be Independent! Conformity Development of Japanese Children in the Asch Experiment without Using Confederates


The Asch tasks were presented to 20 foursomes of Japanese 7th graders (10 boy- and girl-four-somes) by means of a presentation trick so that one participant observed different stimuli than the other three. The response order was randomly assigned and the third responders observed different standard lines from the other three children. The results showed that the minority children who had observed different stimuli tended to conform to the majority. Combined with the previous results utilizing the same experimental procedure with two different age groups— six-year old children and undergraduates—a clear tendency was found for Japanese boys becoming more independent as they matured. Six-year-old Japanese boys conformed considerably, while male undergraduates seldom conformed, and the 7th grade boys in the present study showed a moderate level of conformity. On the other hand, Japanese girls showed the same conformity frequencies regardless of age.

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Mori, K. , Ito-Koyama, A. , Arai, M. & Hanayama, A. (2014). Boys, Be Independent! Conformity Development of Japanese Children in the Asch Experiment without Using Confederates. Psychology, 5, 617-623. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.57073.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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