VDTA-Based Wave Active Filter

DOI: 10.4236/cs.2014.55014   PDF   HTML     3,967 Downloads   5,656 Views   Citations


In this paper we present a wave active filter based on Voltage Differencing Transconductance Amplifiers (VDTAs). The synthesis of active filters basically based on processing of wave quantities. The wave method is presented for basic building blocks of active filters i.e. a series inductor and parallel capacitor through which realization of various active circuits is made by appropriate connections. The proposed wave active filter is verified by realizing a 4th order low pass Butterworth filter using SPICE simulation with 0.18 μm TSMC CMOS technology parameters.

Share and Cite:

Singh, H. , Arora, K. and Prasad, D. (2014) VDTA-Based Wave Active Filter. Circuits and Systems, 5, 124-131. doi: 10.4236/cs.2014.55014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Wupper, H. and Meerkotter, K. (1975) New Active Filter Synthesis Based on Scattering Parameters. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, 22, 594-602.
[2] Haritantis, I., Constantinides, A. and Deliyannis, T. (1976) Wave Active Filters. IEE Proceedings, 123, 676-682.
[3] Koukiou, G. and Psychalinos, C. (2010) Modular Filter Structures Using Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers. Radioengineering, 19, 662-666.
[4] Pandey, N. and Kumar, P. (2011) Differential Voltage Current Conveyer Transconductance Amplifier Based Wave Active Filter. Journal of Electronic Devices, 10, 429-432.
[5] Pandey, N., Kumar, P. and Choudhary, J. (2013) Current Controlled Differential Difference Current Conveyor Transconductance Amplifier and Its Applications. ISRN Electronics, 2013, Article ID: 968749.
[6] Bothra, M., Pandey, R., Pandey, N. and Paul, S.K. (2013) Operational Trans-Resistance Amplifier Based Tunable Wave Active Filter. Radioengineering, 22, 159-166.
[7] Yesil, A., Kacar, F. and Kuntman, H. (2011) New Simple CMOS Realization of Voltage Differencing Transconductance Amplifier and Its RF Filter Application. Radioengineering, 20, 632-637.
[8] Prasad, D. and Bhaskar, D.R. (2012) Electronically Controllable Explicit Current Output Sinusoidal Oscillator Employing Single VDTA. ISRN Electronics (USA), 2012, Article ID: 382560.
[9] Prasad, D. and Bhaskar, D.R. (2012) Grounded and Floating Inductance Simulation Circuits Using VDTAs. Circuits and Systems (USA), 3, 342-347.
[10] Prasad, D., Bhaskar, D.R. and Srivatava, M. (2013) Universal Current-Mode Biquad Filter Using a VDTA. Circuits and Systems (USA), 4, 29-33.
[11] Prasad, D., Srivatava, M. and Bhaskar, D.R. (2013) Electronically Controllable Fully-Uncoupled Explicit CurrentMode Quadrature Oscillator Using VDTAs and Grounded Capacitors. Circuits and Systems (USA), 4, 169-172.
[12] Prasad, D., Bhaskar, D.R. and Srivatava, M. (2013) Universal Voltage-Mode Biquad Filter Using VDTA. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics, 51, 864-868.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.