Research on the Speed-Time (V-T) State Characteristics Curves of 4 × 100 m Relay Baton Transition Period


Based on the v-t (speed-time) curves in physics, this study analyzes 4 × 100 m relay baton transition period and describes 4 different relay baton transition period v-t state characteristics curves. We can calculate from the curves that the speed of the first three athletes at the moment of transition is above the 96% of the average speed of 100-meter. The research reveals that the ideal v-t curve is a smooth semi-circular curve (without the launching phase). The stability and continuity during the baton transition period are the key factors in 4 × 100 m relay race.

Share and Cite:

Fu, D. , Yang, M. and Chang, J. (2014) Research on the Speed-Time (V-T) State Characteristics Curves of 4 × 100 m Relay Baton Transition Period. Advances in Physical Education, 4, 77-83. doi: 10.4236/ape.2014.42011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Ahmad, A., Latif, K., Javaidl, N., Khan, Z. A., & Qasim, U. (2013). Density Controlled Divide-and-Rule Scheme for Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks. In 26th Annual IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE) (pp. 1-4), Regina, 5-8 May 2013.
[2] Arellano, R., Brown, P., Cappaert, J., & Nelson, R. C. (1994). Analysis of 50-, 100-, and 200-m Freestyle Swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 10, 189-199.
[3] Arjmandi, B., Rahnama, N., & Bambaeichi, E. (2010). A Comparison of Bone Mineral Density Values in Professional Female Handball and Futsal Players and Non-Athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 702-702.
[4] Baeg, S. B., & Cho, T. H. (2005). Transmission Relay Method for Balanced Energy Depletion in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Fuzzy Logic. In Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery (pp. 998-1007). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
[5] Barbosa, T. M., Fernandes, R. J., Morouco, P., & Vilas-Boas, J. P. (2008). Predicting the Intra-Cyclic Variation of the Velocity of the Centre of Mass from Segmental Velocities in Butterfly Stroke: A Pilot Study. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 7, 201.
[6] Berthelot, G., Thibault, V., Tafflet, M., Escolano, S., El Helou, N., Jouven, X., Toussaint, J. F., et al. (2008). The Citius End: World Records Progression Announces the Completion of a Brief Ultra-Physiological Quest. PLoS One, 3, e1552.
[7] Chollet, D., Pelayo, P., Tourny, C., & Sidney, M. (1996). Comparative Analysis of 100 m and 200 m Events in the Four Strokes in Top Level Swimmers. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 31, 25-38.
[8] Chollet, D., Pelayo, P., Delaplace, C., Tourny, C., & Sidney, M. (1997). Stroking Characteristic Variations in the 100-m Freestyle for Male Swimmers of Differing Skill. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 85, 167-177.
[9] Chollet, D., Tourny-Chollet, C., & Gleizes, F. (1999). Evolution of Co-Ordination in Flat Breaststroke in Relation to Velocity. Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, VIII, 29-32.
[10] Du, X., & Lin, F. (2005). Improving Routing in Sensor Networks with Heterogeneous Sensor Nodes. IEEE 61st Vehicular Technology Conference, 4, 2528-2532.
[11] He, X. H. (2011). Research the Feasibility to Involve the 4 × 100 m Hurdles Relay into Olympic Game as a Formal Competition Event. Journal of the Qiannan Normal College for Nationalities, 3, 20.
[12] Kennedy, P.W., Brown, P., Chengalur, S. N., & Nelson, R. C. (1990). Analysis of Male and Female Olympic Swimmers in the 180-Meter Events. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 6, 187-197.
[13] Messerli, D. F. M. (1952). Women’s Participation to the Modern Olympic Game. Report to the International Olympic Committee, Lausanne: International Olympic Committee.
[14] Salo, A., & Bezodis, I. (2004). Athletics: Which Starting Style Is Faster in Sprint Running Standing or Crouch Start? Sports Biomechanics, 3, 43-54.
[15] Shen, Q. (1997). Up for Cardiff, Swamp Show Cardiff qing, Treatment ji (Japan), Analyze Excellent Sprinter 4 × 100 m Relay Time. China Sport Science and Technology, 9, 28-32.
[16] Takagi, T., Yamakoshi, Y., Yamaura, M., Kondow, R., & Matsushima, T. (1982). Development of a New Type Fault Locator Using the One-Terminal Voltage and Current Data. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, 8, 2892- 2898.
[17] Tourny, C., Chollet, D., Micallef, J. P., & Macabies, J. (1992). Comparative Analysis of Studies of Speed Variations within a Breaststroke Cycle. Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, VI, 161-166.
[18] Wang, Y., Qiu, Y., & Cheng, Q. L. (2009). Optimal Starting Time for Each Member in Wheelchair Race 4 × 100 m Relays. Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, 6, 16.
[19] Zhang, S. H. (1999). Editor College Physics (First Copies of the Mechanics). Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 4-27.
[20] Zhang, S. H. (2000). Editor College Physics (2nd ed.). Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 7-36.
[21] Zhu, L. X. (2004). 4 × 100 m Relay Grass-Stick Technique Teaching and Training Overlapping. Journal of Harbin Institute of Physical Education, 2, 26.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.