Addressing Biodiversity Conservation Methods with Fagus sylvatica Genetic Indicators


Species biological history revealed by genetic indicators can provide guidelines for long-term biodiversity conservation in Natura 2000 network. Fagus sylvatica is the keystone species which regulates in the Mediterranean Eco-Region ecosystem structure, function and composition. Six hundred fifty nine F. sylvatica individuals have been sampled across 20 sites of European interest in Southern Italy and analyzed at 5 microsatellite loci. For sites marked by both maximum heterozygosity (Ho) and minimum heterozygote deficit (Fis) (IT9210210, ITA070099, IT9210205 and IT9220075) it is suggested to avoid impacts by adopting very conservative measures. Promoting migration processes (pollen flow and seed flow) would be appropriate where it has been monitored low heterozygosity and high genetic disequilibrium. Margin effect due to dryness should be buffered with appropriate belts of thermophilus broad leaved tree species.

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Figliuolo, G. (2014) Addressing Biodiversity Conservation Methods with Fagus sylvatica Genetic Indicators. Open Journal of Genetics, 4, 166-174. doi: 10.4236/ojgen.2014.42017.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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