Evaluation the Factors Leading to Poverty Issue in Central Highlands of Vietnam


This paper focuses on examining the key factors that affect poor households in the Central Highlands by using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) methods to analyze the Vietnam Living Standard Survey (VLSS) in 2008 panel dataset. In the 597 surveyed households in the Central Highlands, we selected 95 poor households to make research group. The empirical findings indicate that income per capita of poor households has been affected by many factors in which the strongest impact is from education level, size of households and marital status. Furthermore, the empirical study shows that most poor households in this research are ethnic minorities with large scale, low level of education and occupational skills.

Share and Cite:

Giang, T. , Wang, G. and Yan, D. (2014) Evaluation the Factors Leading to Poverty Issue in Central Highlands of Vietnam. Modern Economy, 5, 432-442. doi: 10.4236/me.2014.54042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Chen, S. and Ravallion, M. (2008) The Developing World Is Poorer than We Thought, But No Less Successful in the Fight against Poverty.
[2] Statistical Publishing House (2008) Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam. Hanoi.
[3] Imai, K. and Gaiha, R. (2007) Poverty, Inequality and Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam. BWPI, Manchester.
[4] Justino, P. and Litchfield, J. (2002) Poverty Dynamics in Rural Vietnam: Winners and Losers during Reform. In: 27th Biannual Conference of the IARIW, Globalisation and Poverty, Stockholm, 42.
[5] Anh-Tuan, P. (2008) Viet Nam Country Case Study. Background Paper for the Chronic Poverty Report, Chronic Poverty Research Centre.
[6] Shaohua, C. and Ravallion, M. (2012) More Relatively-Poor People in a Less Absolutely-Poor World. Policy Research Working Paper, The World Bank, Washington DC, 6114.
[7] Rajaram, R. (2009) Female-Headed Households and Poverty: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey. In: 3rd Southeastern International/Development Economics Workshop—Agenda & Papers, Atlanta, 4 December 2009.
[8] Koster, M. (2008) Linking Poverty and Household Headship in Post-Genocide Rwanda. In: The HiCN’s 4th Annual Workshop, Yale University, New Haven, 26p.
[9] Trahan, D.L. (2009) Women in Poverty. California State University, Long Beach.
[10] Van Long, H. and Yabe, M. (2011) Unequal Regional Development in Rural Vietnam: Spatial Disparities And Policy Considerations. In 2nd International Conference on Business and Economic Research (2nd ICBER 2011), Langkawi, 14-16 March 2011, Conference Master Resources.
[11] Baulch, B., et al. (2010) Ethnic Minority Poverty in Vietnam. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC).
[12] Van de Walle, D. and Gunewardena, D. (2001) Sources of Ethnic Inequality in Viet Nam. Journal of Development Economics, 65, 177-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3878(01)00133-X
[13] Kang, W. (2009) Pro-Poor Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Rural Vietnam: Welfare Gap between the Ethnic Majority and Minority. The University of Manchester, Manchester.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.