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Control of Microdomain Orientation in Block Copolymer Thin Films by Electric Field for Proton Exchange Membrane

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DOI: 10.4236/aces.2014.42013    3,053 Downloads   4,215 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

Owing to the recent push toward efficient energy storage/conversion devices, fuel cells have become a strong candidate for energy conversion equipments. On the other hand, block copolymer polyelectrolytes are interesting materials for proton exchange membranes in fuel cells. Thus a considerable attention has been paid to the development of block copolymer polyelectrolyte membranes. In this study, the microdomains in block copolymer polyelectrolytes were controlled by external electric fields to develop high performance membranes with improved proton conductivity. The microdomain alignments in sulfonated polystyrene-b-hydrogenated poly butadiene-b-polystyrene block copolymer electrolyte were monitored by cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy analysis. The proton conductivities of the block copolymer electrolyte membranes were measured before and after exposure to electric field. In addition, the morphological features of the block copolymer electrolyte were observed with small angle x-ray scattering and atomic force microscopy.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bae, J. (2014) Control of Microdomain Orientation in Block Copolymer Thin Films by Electric Field for Proton Exchange Membrane. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 4, 95-102. doi: 10.4236/aces.2014.42013.

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