Cefprozil versus Amoxicillin/Clavulanate for the Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in Children: Meta-Analysis of Efficacy and Safety

DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.54046   PDF   HTML     5,474 Downloads   8,040 Views   Citations

Abstract

Introduction: The efficacy of amoxicillin combined with clavulanic acid in Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is not debatable, but studies report a high frequency of gastrointestinal adverse effects related to this intervention. In this scenario, several studies about the antibiotic cefprozil report that it has the same efficacy as amoxicillin/clavulanate for the treatment of AOM with significantly fewer side effects. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and safety of both treatments in AOM. Methodology: We searched for clinical trials and systematic reviews with or without meta-analyses in the Cochrane Group Register and the MEDLINE database up to November 2013, comparing the two interventions mentioned. Results were expressed as a rate of treatment failures or favorable response rates (clinical and microbiological in both cases), and as the rate of adverse events. The analysis was carried out considering the fixed and random effects models. The significance level used in the test for heterogeneity was 0.05. Funnel plot was used to search for publication bias. Results: 7 clinical trials were included in the analysis and no significant difference was found for both interventions regarding clinical and bacteriological response (RR = 1.02, 95% CI, 0.97-1.06, p = 0.780 and RR = 1.02, 95% CI, 0.99-1.07, p = 0.228, respectively). However, a significant difference was found in the comparison of adverse effects, showing that amoxicillin/clavulanate has a significantly higher risk of developing side effects than cefprozil (RR = 0.52, 95% CI, 0.45-0.59, p = 0.000). Conclusion: Both treatments demonstrated equal clinical and microbiological efficacy. However, the use of cefprozil is significantly associated with a lower risk of adverse effects.

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Bolaños-Díaz, R. and Calderón-Cahua, M. (2014) Cefprozil versus Amoxicillin/Clavulanate for the Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in Children: Meta-Analysis of Efficacy and Safety. Pharmacology & Pharmacy, 5, 386-394. doi: 10.4236/pp.2014.54046.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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