Improving Hospital Utilization and Outcomes: Health Economics at the Community Level


This study reviewed efforts to improve health care efficiency at the community level from the perspective of the financial impact on provider organizations. It focused on utilization and outcomes programs that address this objective in the metropolitan area of Syracuse, New York and their implications for health economics. The study demonstrated that a range of length of stay initiatives, including programs addressing length of stay reduction between hospitals and nursing homes produced a savings of $12,448,300 - $31,232,900 over a fifteen-year period. These efforts involved community wide costs of $3,128,125 - $4,144,025. The study also demonstrated that efforts to reduce inpatient hospital complications produced a savings of between $1,622,400 - $3,623,400 over a four-year period. These efforts involved community wide costs of $739,200. The study suggested that these savings were enhanced through community wide initiatives that enabled hospitals to save expenses associated with data development and program implementation.

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Lagoe, R. and Littau, S. (2014) Improving Hospital Utilization and Outcomes: Health Economics at the Community Level. Health, 6, 852-858. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.69107.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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