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Management of Internal Mammary Artery Spasm

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.55042    2,979 Downloads   4,446 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The article is dedicated to the management of internal mammary artery spasm intra- and postoperatively based on the accumulated evidence in the literature. It provides a stepwise decision algorithm for safely resolving the spasm and prevention of relapse.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ziadinov, E. , Al-Kemyani, N. and Al-Sabti, H. (2014) Management of Internal Mammary Artery Spasm. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 284-291. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.55042.

References

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