CyazypyrTM Selectivity for Three Species of Phytoseiid for Coffee and Other Relevant Agricultural Crops in Brazil

DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.54032   PDF   HTML     4,580 Downloads   5,617 Views   Citations


Mites belonging to the family Phytoseiidae are the most important and most widely studied among predatory mites of phytophagous mites. The phytophagous mites Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939) (Tenuipalpidae) and Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor, 1917) (Tetranychidae) on coffee (Coffea spp.), are frequently found in combination with the predaceous mites Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma, 1972; Euseius alatus DeLeon, 1966 and Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant, 1959) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), among others. The purpose of this research was to study the effects of the product CyazypyrTM (cyantraniliprole 100 OD) on these three species of Phytoseiidae, relevant to coffee, citrus and other agricultural crops in Brazil, following standard laboratory procedures. Mated female mites were exposed to fresh-dried residues on a glass surface, with 8 treatments, 5 mites per glass plate and 6 replicates, in a completely randomized experimental design. Each test lasted eight days, with a daily count of the surviving females and of eggs laid. CyazypyrTM, in all tested doses (75, 100, 125, 150, 175 and 200 g a.i./ha), was selective for the studied species, A. herbicolus, I. zuluagai, and E. alatus. Overall the treatments resulted in low mortality rates and negligible impact on the reproduction. Therefore, based on IOBC standards, CyazypyrTMcan be classified as not harmful (class 1) or slightly harmful (class 2), comparable to the agrochemical TalentoTM (hexythiazox 500 WP-12 g a.i./ha) equivalent to a harmless standard of selectivity in the laboratory. CyazypyrTM is therefore a complement to programs of integrated pest management, to preserve the populations of predatory mites in crops of coffee and citrus, among others, in Brazil.

Share and Cite:

Reis, P. , Toledo, M. and Silva, F. (2014) CyazypyrTM Selectivity for Three Species of Phytoseiid for Coffee and Other Relevant Agricultural Crops in Brazil. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 298-303. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.54032.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] McMurtry, J.A. and Croft, B.A. (1997) Life-Styles of Phytoseiid Mites and Their Roles in Biological Control. Annual Review of Entomology, 42, 291-321.
[2] Moraes, G.J. (1991) Controle biológico de ácaros fitófagos. Informe Agropecuário, 15, 56-62.
[3] Pallini Filho, A., Moraes, G.J. and Bueno, V.H.P. (1992) ácaros associados ao cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L.) no Sul de Minas Gerais. Ciência e Prática, 16, 303-307.
[4] Reis, P.R., Souza, J.C., Pedro Neto, M. and Teodoro, A.V. (2000) Flutuação populacional do ácaro da mancha-anular do cafeeiro e seus inimigos naturais. Resumos Expandidos do Simpósio de Pesquisa dos Cafés do Brasil, Poços de Caldas, Embrapa Café, 2, 1210-1212.
[5] Komatsu, S.S. and Nakano, O. (1988) Estudos visando o manejo do ácaro da leprose em citros através do ácaro predador Euseius concordis (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Laranja, 9, 125-146.
[6] Moreira, P.H.R. (1993) Ocorrência, dinamica populacional de ácaros predadores em citros e biologia de Euseius citrifolius (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Dissertação (Mestrado em Entomologia), FCAVJ/UNESP, Jaboticabal.
[7] Gravena, S., Benetoli, I., Moreira, P.H.R. and Yamamoto, P.T. (1994) Euseius citrifolius Denmark & Muma Predation on Citrus Leprosis Mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) (Acari: Phytoseiidae: Tenuipalpidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 23, 209-218.
[8] Sato, M.E., Raga, A., Cerávolo, L.C., Rossi, A.C. and Potenza, M.R. (1994) ácaros em pomar cítrico de Presidente Prudente, Estado de São Paulo. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 23, 435-441.
[9] Reis, P.R., Chiavegato, L.G., Alves, E.B. and Sousa, E.O. (2000) ácaros da família Phytoseiidae associados aos citros no município de Lavras, Sul de Minas Gerais. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 29, 95-104.
[10] Reis, P.R., Franco, R.A., Pedro Neto, M. and Teodoro, A.V. (2006) Selectivity of Agrochemicals on Predatory Mites (Phytoseiidae) Found on Coffee Plants. Coffee Science, 1, 64-70.
[11] Fetting, C.J., Hayes, C.J., McKelvey, S.R. and Mori, S.R. (2011) Laboratory Assays of Select Candidate Insecticides for Control of Dendroctonus ponderosae. Pest Management Science, 67, 548-555.
[12] Dinter, A., Brugger, A., Bassi, A., Frost, N.M. and Woodward, M.D. (2008) Cyantraniliprole (DPX-E2Y45, DuPontTM, Rynaxypyr®, Coragen®, and Altacor® Insecticide—A Novel Anthranilic Diamide Insecticide Demonstrating Low Toxicity and Low Risk for Beneficial Insects and Predatory Mites. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 35, 128-136.
[13] Lahm, G.P., Stevenson, T.M., Selby, T.P., Freudenberger, J.H., Cordova, D., Flexner, L., Bellin, C.A., Dubas, C.M., Smith, B.K., Hughes, K.A., Hollingshaus, J.G., Clark, C.E. and Benner, E.A. (2007) RynaxypyrTM: A New Insecticidal Anthranilic Diamide that Acts as a Potent and Selective Ryanodine Receptor Activator. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 17, 6274-6279.
[14] Legocki, J., Polec, I. and Zelechowski, K. (2008) Contemporary Trends in Development of Active Substances Possessing the Pesticidal Properties: Ryanodine-Receptor Targeting Insecticides. Pestycydy, 3-4, 15-16.
[15] Reis, P.R. and Alves, E.B. (1997) Criação do ácaro predador Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae) em laboratório. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 26, 565-568.
[16] Reis, P.R., Chiavegato, L.G., Moraes, G.J., Alves, E.B. and Sousa, E.O. (1998) Seletividade de agroquímicos ao ácaro predador Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 27, 265-274.
[17] Overmeer, W.P.J. (1988) Laboratory Method for Testing Side-Effects of Pesticides on the Predaceous Mites Typhlodromalus pyri and Amblyseius potentillae (Acari: Phytoseiidae). IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 11, 65-69.
[18] Hassan, S.A., Bigler, F., Bogenschütz, H., Boller, E., Brun, J., Calis, J.N.M., Coremans-Pelseneer, J., Duso, C., Grove, A., Heimbch, U., Helyer, N., Hokkanen, H., Lewis, G.B., Mansour, F., Moreth, L., Polgar, L., Samsøe-Petersen, L., Sauphanor, B., Stäubli, A., Sterk, G., Vainio, A., Van de Veire, M., Viggiani, G. and Vogt, H. (1994) Results of the Sixth Joint Pesticide Testing Programme of the IOBC/WPRS—Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms”. Entomophaga, 39, 107-119.
[19] Bakker, F.M., Grove, A., Blümel, S., Calis, J. and Oomen, P. (1992) Side-Effect Test for Phytoseiids and Their Rearing Methods. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 15, 61-81.
[20] Abbott, W.S. (1925) A Method of Computing the Effectiveness of an Insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology, 18, 265-267.
[21] Blümel, S., Bakker, F.M., Baier, B., Brown, K., Candolfi, M.P., Gobmann, A., Grimm, C., Jackel, B., Nienstedt, K., Schirra, K.J., Ufer, A. and Waltersdorfer, A. (2000) Laboratory Residual Contact Test with the Predatory Mite Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten (Acari: Phytoseiidae) for Regulatory Testing of Plant Protection Products. In: Candolfi, M.P., Blümel, S., Forster, R., Bakker, F.M., Grimm, C., Hassan, S.A., Heimbach, U., Mead-Briggs, M.A., Reber, B., Schmuck, R. and Vogt, H., Eds., Guidelines to Evaluate Side-Effects of Plant Protection Products to Non-Target Arthropods, IOBC, BART and EPPO Joint Initiative, IOBC/WPRS, Gent, 121-144.
[22] Franz, J.M., Bogenschutz, H., Hassan, S.A., Huang, P., Naton, P., Suter, H. and Viggiani, G. (1980) Results of a Joint Pesticide Test Programme by the Working Groups; Pesticides and Beneficial Arthropods. Entomophaga, 25, 231-236.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.