Youth and Social Security Coverage in Brazil


Brazil is still a young country, just starting the process of aging, but Brazils spending on social security is similar to those countries whose population aging has already occurred. Some studies explain the high cost of the Brazilian Social Security System due to the assumption that there is a positive relationship between social security and poverty alleviation. In fact, the effectiveness of this instrument as reducing poverty was high until 2002, but stopped growing and fell slightly thereafter. Brazilian law provides that wives and children or stepchildren under age 21, or under 25, since they are college students, are welfare beneficiaries. In other words they are protected by Brazilian Social Security System. However, data reveals that in Brazil, children and young people have a very low social security direct coverage, which increases with age and reaches high levels for individuals aged 60 or older. Children and young people are the groups most affected by poverty and extreme poverty in Brazil. In this sense, the assumption according to which Social Security helps combat family poverty is flawed. Considering these issues, this article aims to contribute to the debate on the need to rethink the Brazilian Social Security System and the need of construction of specific policies for children and young people in Brazil.

Share and Cite:

Tafner, P. and Botelho, C. (2014) Youth and Social Security Coverage in Brazil. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 144-159. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.21014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Giambiagi, F. and Tafner, P. (2010) Demographics—The invisible threat: The pension dilemma that Brazil must face. Rio de Janeiro. Elsevier.
[2] Delgado, G. and Cardoso Jr., J.C. (2000) Universalization of minimum social rights in Brazil: The case of rural welfare in the 90s. In: Social Security, welfare and poverty alleviation. MPAS, Brasilia.
[3] Delgado, G.C. (2005) Social policy and income distribution in Brazil. In Seminar: Wages and Development. IE/Unicamp, Campinas.
[4] Lavinas, L. (2006) From means-test schemes to basic income in Brazil: Exceptionality and paradox. International Social Security Review, 59, 103-125.
[5] Barros, R.P. and Carvalho, M. (2005) Minimum wage and income distribution. IPEA Set, Rio de Janeiro.
[6] Tafner, P., Carvalho, M. and Botelho, C. (2009) The improvement of social policies towards the Bolsa Família in Brazil 2.0 post-Crisis-agenda for the next decade. Rio de Janeiro, Elsevier.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.