Use of a New Algorithm with an Internally Cooled Electrode for Radiofrequency Ablation of Small Hepatocellular Carcinomas


Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of a new algorithm to increase the volume of tissue ablation via gradual ramp-up of power using an internally cooled electrode for ablating hepatomas 3 cm or less. Materials and Methods: 44 patients with 62 hepatomas were treated from March 4, 2004 to May 24, 2009. Ablation with a gradual ramp-up of power was performed using a single needle with an internally cooled electrode. Evaluation for tumor response was performed with 4-phase CT at 24 hours and 3 months. All immediate and follow-up complications were recorded. Results: Complete tumor ablation was achieved in 86%. The ablation volumes were 16 cm3 +/- 12 cm3 for tumors <2 cm and 28 cm3 +/- 12 cm3 for tumors 2 - 3 cm. Out of 68 total ablation sessions, there were 2 major complications (pleural effusions) requiring intervention (thoracentesis). Conclusion: Compared with existing techniques using a constant full-power setting, ablation of small hepatomas using an algorithm of gradual ramp-up of power provides comparable rate of complete tumor ablation, adequate ablation volumes, and a low rate of complications that require treatment.

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H. Nguyen, K. Khong, J. McGahan, K. Ding and M. Wilson, "Use of a New Algorithm with an Internally Cooled Electrode for Radiofrequency Ablation of Small Hepatocellular Carcinomas," Open Journal of Radiology, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 204-208. doi: 10.4236/ojrad.2013.34033.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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