Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in the rations for cattle in feedlot


To evaluate the inclusion of common beans in the diet of cattle in feedlot on characteristics of productive performance, nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation parameters, 15 bulls crossed were used in a completely randomized design. The animals were confined for 64 days, and 21 days of adaptation. We evaluated the inclusion common beans at levels of 0%, 13% and 26%. All diets were isocaloric and isonitrogenous with a 45:55 forage: concentrate ratio. The addition of beans in the diet did not affect animal performance, dry matter intake and feed efficiency. Inclusion bean changed the nutrient digestibility of DM, CP, EE, TC and OM, where the best digestibility was observed with the inclusion 13% and the lowest concentration of ruminal NH3-N. The general behavior of ruminal pH in relation to levels of inclusion of beans was 6.2. The inclusion of up to 13% of beans in the diet of feedlot cattle did not alter the apparent digestibility, ruminal and animal performance.

Share and Cite:

Buschinelli de Goes, R. , Klein, K. , Martinhago, L. , de Oliveira, E. , Silva Brabes, K. , Menezes Gressler, M. , Yoshiraha, M. , de Oliveira, R. and dos Santos, E. (2013) Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in the rations for cattle in feedlot. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 774-780. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.412106.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Oliveira, C.A. and Millen, D.D. (2011) Lifting on nutriational recommendations and management practices adopted by feedlot nutritionists in Brazil. 3rd International Symposium on Nutrition Ruminants, Botucatu-SP.
[2] Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (2013) Monitoring of the Brazilian grain crops 2012/13. Sixth Lifting, CONAB, 26.
[3] Antunes, P.L., Bilhalva, A.B., Elias, M.C. and Soares, G.J.D. (1995) Nutritional value of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), variety rico 23, carioca, piratã-1 e rosinha-G2. Revista Brasileira de Agrociência, 1, 12-18.
[4] Patussi, R.A., Goes, R.H.T.B., Cardoso, T.J.L., Gressler, M.G.M., Oliveira, E.R. and Brabes, K.C.S. (2011) Chemical composition and in situ ruminal degradability of bean by-products in beef cattle feeding. 48th Annual Meeting of the Brazilian Society of Animal Science, Belém, BELEM-PA 2011.
[5] Valadares Filho, S.C., Magalhães, K.A., Rocha Júnior, V.R. and Cappelle, E.R. (2006) Brazilian tables of food composition for cattle: CQBAL 2.0. 2nd Edition, UFV/ DZO, Viçosa, 329.
[6] Nunes, I.J. (1998) Calculation and evaluation of diets and supplements. FEP-MVZ, Belo Horizonte, 185.
[7] Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2003) Navy beans for stock feed. DPI.
[8] Magalhães, A.L.R., Zorzi, K., Queiroz, A.C., Mello, R., Detmann, E. and Pereira, J.C. (2008) Residue from common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) processing in the rations for milking cows: Intake, digestibility, milk production and composition and feeding efficiency. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 37, 529-537.
[9] Goldstein, I.J. (1980) What should be called lectin. Nature, 285, 66-68.
[10] MOSS, R. (2005) Can legume grains be used for dairy cows?
[11] Mendonça, C.V.C.E., Abreu, C.M.P., Corrêa, A.D., Santos, C.D. and Morais, A.R. (2003) Polyphenol quantification and protein digestibility in common bean lineages. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 27, 858-864.
[12] Sgarbieri, V.C. (1996) Proteins in food protein: Properties, degradations, modifications. Livraria Varela, São Paulo, 517.
[13] Lajolo, F.M., Genovese, M.I. and Menezes, E.W. (1996) Nutritional quality. In: ARAúJO, R.S., RAVA, C.A., Stone, J.F., et al., Eds., Common Bean Crops in Brazil, POTAFóS, Piracicaba, 23-56.
[14] Soltelo, A., Flores, F. and Hernandez, M. (1987) Chemical composition and nutritional value of Mexican varieties of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plant Food and Human Nutrition, 37, 299-306.
[15] National Research Council (2001) Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th Edition, NRC, Washington DC, 381.
[16] Cappelle, E.R., Valadares Filho, S.C., Silva, J.F.C. and Cecon, P.R. (2001) Estimates of the energy value from chemical characteristics of the feedstuffs. Revista Brasileira de ZootecniaRevista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 30, 1837-1856.
[17] Barros, E.E.L., Fontes, C.A.A., Detmann, E., Vieira, R.A.M., Henriques, L.T. and Fernandes, A.M. (2009) Biases in fecal excretion estimation by using internal markers and chromic oxide in digestion trials with ruminants. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 38, 2015-2020.
[18] Association of Official Analytic Chemists (2006) Official methods of analysis. 18 Edition, AOAC International, Arlington, 1422.
[19] Casali, A.O., Detmann, E., Valadares Filho, S.C., Pereira, J.C., Henriques, L.T., Freitas, S.G. and Paulino, M.F. (2008) Influence of incubation time and particles size on indigestible compounds contents in cattle feeds and feces obtained by in situ procedures. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 37, 335-342.
[20] Campos, F.P., Nussio, C.M.B. and Nussio, L.G. (2004) Methods of analysis of food. FEALQ, 135.
[21] Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583-3597.
[22] Universidade Federal de Viçosa (2007) SAEG–System of statistical analysis and genetic. Versão 9.1, UFV, Viçosa, 142.
[23] Mertens, D.R. (1994) Regulation of forage intake. In: Fahey Jr., G.C., Ed., Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, American Society of Agronomy, Madison 450-493.
[24] Mertens, D.R. and Loften, J.R. (1980) The effect of starch on forage fiber digestion kinetics in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science, 63, 1437-1446.
[25] Neves, J.D., Caldas, G.C. and Araújo, P.E.S. (2005) Cowpea grain for cattle feed in confinement. Anais da Academia Pernambucana de Ciência Agronômica, 2, 157-165.
[26] Hutjens, M.F. (2002) Using dairy efficiency.
[27] Jaffé, W.G. (1968) Fatores tóxicos em leguminosas. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, 18, 205.
[28] Rackis, J.J. and Gumbmann, M.R. (1982) Protease inhibitors: Physiological properties and nutritional significance. In: Ory, R.L., Ed., Antinutritional and Natural Toxicants in Foods, Food & Nutrition Press, Westport, 203-237.
[29] Silva. M.R. and Silva, M.A.A.P. (2000) Antinutritional factors: Protease inhibitors and lectins. Revista de Nutrição, 13, 3-9.
[30] Butolo, J.E. (2002) Quality of ingredients in animal feed. Agros Comunicações, Campinas, 430.
[31] Bonett, L.P., Baumgartner, M.S.T., Klein, A.C. and Silva, L.I. (2007) Nutritional compounds and antinutritional aspects of commom beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.). Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde da UNIPAR, 11, 235-246.
[32] Henis, Y., Tagari, H. and Volcani, R. (1964) Effect of water extract of carob pods tannic acid and their derivaties on the morphology and growth of micro-organisms. Applied Microbiology, 12, 204-211.
[33] Van Soest, P.J. (1994) Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. 2nd Edition, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 476.
[34] Russel, J.B. and Wilson, D.B. (1996) Why are ruminal cellulolitic bacteria unable to digest cellulose at low pH? Journal of Dairy Science, 79, 1503-1509.
[35] Satter, L.D. and Slyter, L.L. (1974) Effect of ammonia concentration of rumen microbial protein production in vitro. British Journal of Nutrition, 69, 2755-2766.
[36] Detmann, E., Cecon, P.R., Paulino, M.P., Valadares Filho, S.C., Henriques, L.T. and Detmann, K.S.C. (2007) Rumen variables evaluated through continuum mathematical functions. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 42, 1651-1657.
[37] Kaneko, J.J., Marvey, J.W. and Bruss, N.L. (1997) Clinical biochemistry of domestic animals. 5th Edition, Academic Press, New York.
[38] Broderick, G.A., Craig, W.M. and Ricker, D.B. (1993) Urea versus true protein as supplement for lactating dairy cows fed grains plus mixtures of alfafa and corn silages. Journal of Dairy Science, 76, 2266-2274.
[39] Oliveira, A.S., Valadares, R.F.D., Valadares Filho, S.C., Cecon, P.R., Renno, L.N., Queiroz, A.C. and Chizotti, M.L. (2001) Microbial protein production, purine derivatives and urea excretion estimate in lactating dairy cows fed isoprotein diets with different non protein nitrogen compounds levels. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 30, 1621-1629.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.