A specially designed pillow may be used as treatment for young infants with developmental plagiocephaly


Developmental plagiocephaly has increased since the back to sleep campaign and is nowadays a rather common condition in infants. Prevention is the best way to decrease this problem, therefore, tools for treatment are needed. This case description of two children who dropped out from a study of a specially designed pillow indicates that the Mimos pillow may work as the treatment in young infants with developmental plagiocephaly.

Share and Cite:

Öhman, A. (2013) A specially designed pillow may be used as treatment for young infants with developmental plagiocephaly. Health, 5, 2064-2067. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.512280.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Clarren, S.K. (1981) Plagiocephaly and torticollis: Etiology, natural history and helm treatment. Journal of Pediatrics, 98, 92-95.
[2] Littlefield, T.R., Kelly, K.M., Pomatto, J.K. and Beals, S.P. (2002) Multiple-birth infants at higher risk for development of deformational plagiocephaly: II. Is one twin at greater risk? Pediatrics, 109, 19-25.
[3] McKinney, C.M., Cunningham, M.L., Holt, V.L., Leroux, B. and Starr, J.R. (2009) Case-control study of infant, maternal and perinatal characteristics associated with deformational plagiocephaly. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 23, 332-345.
[4] Hutchison, B.L., Thompson, J.M. and Mitchell, E.A. (2003) Determinants of nonsynostoticplagiocephaly: A casecontrol study. Pediatrics, 112, e316.
[5] Hutchison, B.L., Hutchison, L.A.D., Thompson, J.M.D. and Mitchell, E.A. (2004) Plagiocephaly and brachycephaly in the first two years of life: A prospective cohort study. Pediatrics, 114, 970-980.
[6] Van Vlimmeren, L.A., van der Graaf, Y., Boere-Boonekamp, M.M., L’Hoir, M.P., Helders, P.J. and Engelbert, R.H.H. (2007) Risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly at birth and at seven weeks of age: A prospective cohort study. Pediatrics, 119, e408-e418.
[7] Oh, A.K., Hoy, E.A. and Rogers, G.F. (2009) Predictors of severity in deformational plagiocephaly. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 20, 685-689.
[8] Brofin, D.R. (2001) Misshapen heads in babies: Position or pathology? The Ochsner Journal, 3, 191-199.
[9] Mawji, A., Vollman, A.R., Hatfield, J., McNeil, D.A. and Sauvé, R. (2013) The incidence of positional plagiocephaly: A cohort study. Pediatrics, 132, 298-304.
[10] Peitsch, W.K., Keefer, C.H., LaBrie, R.A. and Mulliken, J.B. (2002) Incidence of cranial asymmetry in healthy newborns. Pediatrics, 110, e72.
[11] Joganic, J.L., Lynch, J.M., Littlefield, T.R. and Verrelli, B.C. (2009) Risk factors associated with deformationalplagiocephaly. Pediatrics, 124, e1126-e1133.
[12] Hutchison, B.L., Stewart, A.W. and Mitchell, E.A. (2009) Characteristics, head shape measurements and developmental delay in 287 consecutive infants attending a plagiocephaly clinic. Acta Paediatrica, 98, 1494-1499.
[13] Golden, K.A., Beals, S.P., Littlefield, T.R. and Pomatto, J.K. (1999) Sternocleidomastoid imbalance versus congenital muscular torticollis: Their relationship to positional plagiocephaly. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 36, 256-261.
[14] Rogers, G.F., Oh, A.K. and Mulliken, J.B. (2009) The role of congenital muscular torticollis in the development of deformational plagiocephaly. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 123, 643-652.
[15] Ohman, A. (2013). A pilot study, a specially designed pillow may prevent developmental plagiocephaly by reducing pressure from the infant head. Health, 5, 32-37.
[16] Loveday, B.P. and de Chalain, T.B. (2001) Active counterpositioning or orthotic device to treat positionalplagiocephaly? Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 12, 308-313.
[17] Persson, K. and Stromberg, B. (1995) Structured observation of motor performance (SOMP-I) applied to neonatally healthy fullterm infants at the ages of 0-10 months. Early Human Development, 40, 127-143.
[18] Ohman, A. and Beckung, E. (2008) Reference values for range of motion and muscle function in the neck-in infants. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 20, 53-58.
[19] Ohman, A., Nilsson, S. and Beckung, E. (2009) Validity and reliability of the muscle function scale, aimed to assess the lateral flexors of the neck in infants. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 25, 129-137.
[20] Majnemer, A. and Barr, R.G. (2006) Association between sleep position and early motor development. Journal of Pediatrics, 149, 623-629.
[21] Salls, J.S., Silverman, L.N. and Gatty, C.M. (2002) The relationship of infant sleep and play positioning to motor milestone achievement. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 56, 577-580.
[22] Wennergren, G. (2004) Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome. Pediatric Pulmonology, 26, 110-111.
[23] McGarvey, C., McDonnell, M., Chong, A., O’Regan, M. and Matthews, T. (2003) Factors relating to the infant’s last sleep environment in sudden infant death syndrome in the Republic of Ireland. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88, 1058-1064.
[24] Thompson, J.M., Thach, B.T., Becroft, D.M. and Mitchell, E.A. (New Zealand Cot Death Study Group) (2006) Sudden infant death syndrome: Risk factors for infants found face down differ from other SIDS cases. Journal of Pediatrics, 149, 630-633.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.