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Predicting Rainfall Using the Principles of Fuzzy Set Theory and Reliability Analysis

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DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.34043    3,763 Downloads   5,675 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The paper presents occurrence of rainfall using principles of fuzzy set theory and principles of reliability analysis. Both the abstract and the rest of the paper are discussed from these two points of view. First, a fuzzy inference model for predicting rainfall using scan data from the USDA Soil Climate Analysis Network Station at Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (AAMU) campus for the year 2004 is presented. The model further reflects how an expert would perceive weather conditions and apply this knowledge before inferring a rainfall. Fuzzy variables were selected based on judging patterns in individual monthly graphs for 2003 and 2004 and the influence of different variables that caused rainfall. A decrease in temperature (TP) and an increase in wind speed (WS) when compared between the ith and (i ? 1)th day were found to have a positive relation with a rainfall (RF) occurrence in most cases. Therefore, TP and WS were used in the antecedent part of the production rules to predict rainfall (RF). Results of the model showed better performance when threshold values for 1) Relative Humidity (RH) of ith day; 2) Humidity Increase (HI) between the ith and (i ? 1)th day; and 3) Product (P) of decrease in temperature (TP) and an increase in wind speed (WS) were introduced. The percentage of error was 12.35 when compared the calculated amount of rainfall with actual amount of rainfall. This is followed by prediction of rainfall using principles of reliability analysis. This is done by comparing theoretical probabilities with experimental probabilities for the occurrence of two main events, namely, Relative Humidity (RH) and Humidity Increase (HI) being in between specified threshold values. The experimental values of probability are falling in between μ ? σ and μ + σ for both RH and HI parameters, where μ is the mean value and σ is the standard deviation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Hasan, S. Khan, C. Putcha, A. Al-Hamdan and C. Glenn, "Predicting Rainfall Using the Principles of Fuzzy Set Theory and Reliability Analysis," American Journal of Computational Mathematics, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 337-348. doi: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.34043.

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