Share This Article:

Safety Climates in Construction Industry: Understanding the Role of Construction Sites and Workgroups

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:175KB) PP. 80-86
DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2013.34010    6,383 Downloads   12,648 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Studies of safety climate in construction revealed a significant positive association between safety climate and various aspects of occupational health and safety. The mechanisms through which this impact operates are still unclear and safety climate is usually studied without considering the complexity of this industry (companies, worksites and groups). The aim of this research is to analyze to what extend there are differences between construction sites and to explore the relations between construction sites’ safety climate and workers’ safety response and to examine how this influence occur considering the workgroups. The safety climate was evaluated using a reduced version of the questionnaire that is a part of Battery HERC (Herramienta para evaluacion riesgos comportamentales). The data were collected in a Portuguese construction company (5 construction sites; including sub-contractors) comprising 213 workers. Differences between construction sites safety climate were found, suggesting the prevalence of safety sub-climates. The workgroup safety climate played a determinant role on workers’ safety response in subcontracted workgroups and it is an important mechanism through which the principal contractor can influence subcontractors’ safety response. Designers of preven- tion and training programs for accidents prevention should include specific contents in order to improve supervisory safety leadership and workgroup safety responses.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Silva, A. Araújo, D. Costa and J. L. Meliá, "Safety Climates in Construction Industry: Understanding the Role of Construction Sites and Workgroups," Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 80-86. doi: 10.4236/ojsst.2013.34010.

References

[1] Eurostat, 2012.
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Health_and_safety_at_work_statistics
[2] ACT, 2013.
http://www.act.gov.pt/(pt-PT)/CentroInformacao/Estatistica/Paginas/default.aspx
[3] A. Glendon and D. Litherland, “Safety Climate Factors, Group Differences and Safety Behavior in Road Construction,” Safety Science, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2001, pp. 157-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(01)00006-6
[4] A. I. Glendon, N. A. Stanton and D. Harrison, “Factor Analyzing a Performance Shaping Concepts Questionnaire,” In: S. A. Robertson, Ed., Contemporary Ergonomics, Ergonomics for All, Taylor and Francis, London, 1994, pp. 340-345.
[5] M. Gillen, D. Baltz, M. Gassel, L. Kirsch and D. Vaccaro, “Perceived Safety Climate, Job Demands, and Coworker Support among Union and Nonunion Injured Construction Workers,” Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2002, pp. 33-51.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4375(02)00002-6
[6] M. D. Cooper and A. Phillips, “Exploratory Analysis of the Safety Climate and Safety Behavior Relationship,” Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 35, No. 5, 2004, pp. 497-512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2004.08.004
[7] D. Zohar and G. Luria, “A Multilevel Model of Safety Climate: Cross-Level Relationships between Organization and Group-Level Climates,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 4, 2005, pp. 616-628.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.4.616
[8] D. Zohar, “Safety Climate and beyond: A Multi-Level Multi-Climate Framework,” Safety Science, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2008, pp. 376-387.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2007.03.006
[9] D. Zohar, “Safety Climate in Industrial Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Implications,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1980, pp. 96-102.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.65.1.96
[10] A. Neal and M. A. Griffin, “A Study of Lagged Relationships among Safety Climate, Safety Motivation, Safety Behaviour, and Accidents at the Individual and Group Levels,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 91, No. 4, 2006, pp. 946-953.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.91.4.946
[11] A. Neal, M. A. Griffin and P. M. Hart, “The Impact of Organizational Climate on Safety Climate and Individual Behavior,” Safety Science, Vol. 39, 2000, pp. 157-188.
[12] N. Dedobbeleer and F. Beland, “A Safety Climate Measure for Construction Sites,” Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 22, No. 2, 1991, pp. 97-103.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4375(91)90017-P
[13] D. Zohar, “A Group-Level Model of Safety Climate: Testing the Effect of Group Climate on Micro-Accidents in Manufacturing Jobs,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 85, No. 4, 2000, pp. 587-596.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.85.4.587
[14] D. Zohar and G. Luria, “Climate as a Social-Cognitive Construction of Supervisory Safety Practices: Scripts as Proxy of Behavior Patterns,” Journal of Applied Psy- chology, Vol. 89, No. 2, 2004, pp. 322-333.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.2.322
[15] S. Silva, M. L. Lima and C. Baptista, “OSCI: An Organizational and Safety Climate Inventory,” Safety Science, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2004, pp. 205-220.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(03)00043-2
[16] J. L. Meliá, “Un Modelo Causal Psicosocial de los Accidentes Laborales (A Psychosocial Causal Model of Work Related Accidents),” Anuario de Psicología, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1998, pp. 25-43.
[17] M. Brondino, S. Silva and M. Pasini, “Multilevel Approach to Organizational and Group Safety Performance: Co-Workers as the Missing Link,” Safety Science, Vol. 50, No. 9, 2012, pp. 1847-1856.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2012.04.010
[18] D. Zohar and G. Luria, “The Use of Supervisory Practices as Leverage to Improve Safety Behavior: A Cross-Level Intervention Model,” Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 34, No. 5, 2003, pp. 567-577.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2003.05.006
[19] J. L. Melià and A. Sesé, “Supervisor’s Safety Response: A Multisample Confirmatory Factor Analysis,” Psicothema, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2007, pp. 231-238.
[20] J. L. Meliá, K. Mearns, S. Silva and M. L. Lima, “Safety Climate Responses and the Perceived Risk of Accidents in the Construction Industry,” Safety Science, Vol. 46, No. 6, 2008, pp. 949-958.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2007.11.004
[21] U. Varonen and M. Mattila, “The Safety Climate and Its Relationship to Safety Practices, Safety of the Work Environment and Occupational Accidents in Eight Wood-Processing Companies,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 32, No. 6, 2000, pp. 761-769.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(99)00129-3
[22] S. Larsson, “Constructing Safety: Influence of Safety Climate and Psychological Climate on Safety Behaviour in Construction Industry,” Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, 2005.
[23] O. Siu, D. Phillips and T. Leung, “Safety Climate and Safety Performance among Construction Workers in Hong Kong. The Role of Psychological Strains as Mediators,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2004, pp. 359-366.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(03)00016-2
[24] T. A. Arcury, T. Mills, A. J. Marín, P. Summers, S. A. Quandt, J. Rushing, W. Lang and J. G. Grzywacz, “Work Safety Climate and Safety Practices among Immigrant Latino Residential Construction Workers,” American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 55, No. 8, 2012, pp. 736-745. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22058
[25] E. A.-L. Teo and Y. B. Feng, “The Role of Safety Climate in Predicting Safety Culture on Construction Sites,” Architectural Science Review, Vol. 52, No. 1, 2009, pp. 5-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.3763/asre.2008.0037
[26] J. L. Meliá, “An Integrative Multilevel Psychosocial view and measurement of Safety Climate,” 11th European Congress on Work and Organizational Psychology, Lisbon, 2003.
[27] S. J. Cox and A. J. T. Cheyne, “Assessing Safety Culture in Offshore Environments,” Safety Science, Vol. 34, No. 1-3, 2000, pp. 111-129.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00009-6
[28] J. L. Melià and M. Becerril, “Safety Climate Dimensions from the ‘Agent’ Point of View,” In: P. Mondelo, M. Mattila, W. Karwowski and A. Hale, Eds., Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Occupational Risk Prevention, Seville, 2006.
[29] Helen Clare Lingard, Tracy Cooke and Nick Blismas, “Safety Climate in Conditions of Construction Subcontracting: A Multilevel Analysis,” Construction Management and Economics, Vol. 28, No. 8, 2010, pp. 813-825.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01446190903480035
[30] S. Mohamed, “Safety Climate in Construction Site Environments,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 128, No. 5, 2000, pp. 375-384.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2002)128:5(375)

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.